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Old 31st July 2008
J65nko J65nko is offline
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Default II. USBmediazine® OpenBSD install using 'cd41.iso' and SD card in USB card reader

II. USBmediazine® OpenBSD install using 'cd41.iso' and SD card in USB card reader
  • Introduction
  • Boot messages from the installation CD
  • Confirm start of install
  • Terminal type and keyboard mapping
  • Partitioning the disk at Master Boot Record level
  • Sub-partition OpenBSD MBR partition with 'disklabel'
  • TCP/IP network configuration
  • Password for root
  • Select SD card in USB card reader
  • Choose file sets
  • Copying install sets from SD card
  • Miscellaneous configuration
  • Setting timezone
  • Device nodes, boot block, 'halt' and reboot
Introduction

This transcript, captured with a serial console, demonstrates how USBmediazine® complements the CD created from a 'cd41.iso' image. Although not an obvious choice for an USB device, a Secure Digital card in an USB card reader shows the flexibility and physical media independence of the USBmediazine® approach.

To copy the installation files in the current working directory to a SD card under OpenBSD, use the following steps:
  1. Insert the SD card, or whatever memory card you wish to use, into the card reader and connect the reader to an USB port. For an Apacher USB card reader 'dmesg' shows:
    Code:
    umass0 at uhub0 port 2 configuration 1 interface 0
    umass0: Genesys Logic USB Storage, rev 2.00/93.21, addr 3
    umass0: using SCSI over Bulk-Only
    scsibus0 at umass0: 2 targets
    sd0 at scsibus0 targ 1 lun 0: <Generic, STORAGE DEVICE, 9321> SCSI0 0/direct removable
    sd0: drive offline
    sd1 at scsibus0 targ 1 lun 1: <Generic, STORAGE DEVICE, 9321> SCSI0 0/direct removable
    sd1: drive offline
    sd2 at scsibus0 targ 1 lun 2: <Generic, STORAGE DEVICE, 9321> SCSI0 0/direct removable
    sd2: 485MB, 485 cyl, 64 head, 32 sec, 512 bytes/sec, 994304 sec total
    sd3 at scsibus0 targ 1 lun 3: <Generic, STORAGE DEVICE, 9321> SCSI0 0/direct removable
    sd3: drive offline
    The four slots of the USB card reader have been designated the device names 'sd0', 'sd1', 'sd2' and 'sd4'. The 500 MB SD card has been detected as 'sd2'.

  2. Look at the partition table with 'fdisk'
    Code:
    snap@zeno[/data/snap/snap152]su root
    Password: .........
    
    # fdisk sd2
    fdisk: sysctl(machdep.bios.diskinfo): Device not configured
    Disk: sd2       geometry: 485/64/32 [994304 Sectors]
    Offset: 0       Signature: 0xAA55
             Starting       Ending       LBA Info:
     #: id    C   H  S -    C   H  S [       start:      size   ]
    ------------------------------------------------------------------------
    *0: 06    0   7 12 -  485  31 32 [         235:      994069 ] DOS > 32MB
     1: 00    0   0  0 -    0   0  0 [           0:           0 ] unused
     2: 00    0   0  0 -    0   0  0 [           0:           0 ] unused
     3: 00    0   0  0 -    0   0  0 [           0:           0 ] unused
    The memory card has been formatted as a DOS partition.

  3. Check with 'disklabel'
    Code:
    # disklabel sd2
    disklabel: warning, DOS partition table with no valid OpenBSD partition
    # /dev/rsd2c:
    type: SCSI
    disk: SCSI disk
    label: STORAGE DEVICE
    flags:
    bytes/sector: 512
    sectors/track: 32
    tracks/cylinder: 64
    sectors/cylinder: 2048
    cylinders: 485
    total sectors: 994304
    rpm: 3600
    interleave: 1
    trackskew: 0
    cylinderskew: 0
    headswitch: 0           # microseconds
    track-to-track seek: 0  # microseconds
    drivedata: 0
    
    16 partitions:
    #             size        offset  fstype [fsize bsize  cpg]
      c:        994304             0  unused      0     0      # Cyl     0 -   485*
      i:        994069           235   MSDOS                   # Cyl     0*-   485*
    OpenBSD assigned the virtual label 'i'.

  4. Mount the card
    Code:
    # mount -t msdos /dev/sd2i /mnt
    # mount
    /dev/wd0a on / type ffs (local)
    /dev/wd0k on /home type ffs (local, nodev, nosuid)
    /dev/wd0d on /tmp type ffs (local, nodev, nosuid)
    /dev/wd0e on /usr type ffs (local, noatime, nodev, softdep)
    /dev/wd0h on /var type ffs (local, nodev, nosuid)
    /dev/wd0g on /var/qmail type ffs (local, nodev)
    /dev/wd0j on /data type ffs (local, nodev, nosuid)
    /dev/sd2i on /mnt type msdos (local)
  5. Create a directory 'obsd' for the installation file sets and copy them from the current directory. You will have to remember the directory name, because when the installation script will prompt you for this name, there is no easy way to look it up.
    Code:
    # mkdir /mnt/obsd
    
    # cp * /mnt/obsd
    
    # ls -l /mnt/obsd
    total 423968
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root  wheel      1019 Jun 26 17:31 MD5
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root  wheel  42550189 Jun 22 04:57 base41.tgz
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root  wheel   6145660 Jun 22 04:56 bsd
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root  wheel   6194002 Jun 22 04:56 bsd.mp
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root  wheel   5027399 Jun 22 04:55 bsd.rd
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root  wheel   5144576 Jun 26 17:31 cd41.iso
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root  wheel  78804008 Jun 22 04:55 comp41.tgz
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root  wheel   1240440 Jun 22 04:53 etc41.tgz
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root  wheel   1474560 Jun 26 17:31 floppy41.fs
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root  wheel   7658376 Jun 22 04:53 man41.tgz
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root  wheel   2292841 Jun 22 04:57 misc41.tgz
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root  wheel  11956269 Jun 22 05:03 xbase41.tgz
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root  wheel     75554 Jun 22 05:03 xetc41.tgz
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root  wheel  35579466 Jun 22 05:02 xfont41.tgz
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root  wheel  10348663 Jun 22 05:01 xserv41.tgz
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root  wheel   2547511 Jun 22 05:01 xshare41.tgz
  6. Unmount the card
    Code:
    # umount /dev/sd2i
    # mount
    /dev/wd0a on / type ffs (local)
    /dev/wd0k on /home type ffs (local, nodev, nosuid)
    /dev/wd0d on /tmp type ffs (local, nodev, nosuid)
    /dev/wd0e on /usr type ffs (local, noatime, nodev, softdep)
    /dev/wd0h on /var type ffs (local, nodev, nosuid)
    /dev/wd0g on /var/qmail type ffs (local, nodev)
    /dev/wd0j on /data type ffs (local, nodev, nosuid)
Boot messages from the installation CD
Code:
Boot from ATAPI CD-ROM :
 1. No Emulation System Type-(00)
CD-ROM: 9F
Loading /4.1/i386/CDBOOT
probing: pc0 com0 com1 apm mem[640K 127M a20=on]
disk: fd0 hd0+* cd0
>> OpenBSD/i386 CDBOOT 2.01
boot>
booting cd0a:/4.1/i386/bsd.rd: 4695092+743480/[52+173024+158611]=0x580d88
entry point at 0x200120
Copyright (c) 1982, 1986, 1989, 1991, 1993
	The Regents of the University of California.  All rights reserved.
Copyright (c) 1995-2007 OpenBSD. All rights reserved.  http://www.OpenBSD.org

OpenBSD 4.1-current (RAMDISK_CD) #400: Wed Jun 20 09:50:50 MDT 2007
    deraadt@i386.openbsd.org:/usr/src/sys/arch/i386/compile/RAMDISK_CD
cpu0: Intel Pentium II ("GenuineIntel" 686-class, 512KB L2 cache) 268 MHz
cpu0: FPU,V86,DE,PSE,TSC,MSR,PAE,MCE,CX8,SEP,MTRR,PGE,MCA,CMOV,MMX
real mem  = 133791744 (127MB)
avail mem = 123408384 (117MB)
mainbus0 at root
bios0 at mainbus0: AT/286+ BIOS, date 10/26/99, BIOS32 rev. 0 @ 0xf04d0
apm0 at bios0: Power Management spec V1.2
apm0: flags 30102 dobusy 0 doidle 1
pcibios0 at bios0: rev 2.1 @ 0xf0000/0xd52
pcibios0: PCI IRQ Routing Table rev 1.0 @ 0xf0cc0/144 (7 entries)
pcibios0: PCI Interrupt Router at 000:04:0 ("Intel 82371FB ISA" rev 0x00)
pcibios0: PCI bus #1 is the last bus
bios0: ROM list: 0xc0000/0x8000 0xc8000/0x800
cpu0 at mainbus0
pci0 at mainbus0 bus 0: configuration mode 1 (no bios)
pchb0 at pci0 dev 0 function 0 "Intel 82443LX AGP" rev 0x03
ppb0 at pci0 dev 1 function 0 "Intel 82443LX AGP" rev 0x03
pci1 at ppb0 bus 1
pcib0 at pci0 dev 4 function 0 "Intel 82371AB PIIX4 ISA" rev 0x01
pciide0 at pci0 dev 4 function 1 "Intel 82371AB IDE" rev 0x01: DMA, channel 0 wired to
 compatibility, channel 1 wired to compatibility
wd0 at pciide0 channel 0 drive 0: <WDC AC28400R>
wd0: 16-sector PIO, LBA, 8063MB, 16514064 sectors
wd0(pciide0:0:0): using PIO mode 4, Ultra-DMA mode 2
atapiscsi0 at pciide0 channel 1 drive 0
scsibus0 at atapiscsi0: 2 targets
cd0 at scsibus0 targ 0 lun 0: <E-IDE, CD-ROM 32X/AKU, U10I> SCSI0 5/cdrom removable
cd0(pciide0:1:0): using PIO mode 4, Ultra-DMA mode 2
uhci0 at pci0 dev 4 function 2 "Intel 82371AB USB" rev 0x01: irq 10
"Intel 82371AB Power" rev 0x01 at pci0 dev 4 function 3 not configured
vga1 at pci0 dev 10 function 0 "S3 ViRGE DX/GX" rev 0x01
wsdisplay0 at vga1 mux 1: console (80x25, vt100 emulation)
fxp0 at pci0 dev 13 function 0 "Intel 8255x" rev 0x05, i82558: irq 10, address
  00:08:c7:25:dc:22
inphy0 at fxp0 phy 1: i82555 10/100 PHY, rev. 0
isa0 at pcib0
isadma0 at isa0
pckbc0 at isa0 port 0x60/5
pckbd0 at pckbc0 (kbd slot)
pckbc0: using irq 1 for kbd slot
wskbd0 at pckbd0: console keyboard, using wsdisplay0
npx0 at isa0 port 0xf0/16: reported by CPUID; using exception 16
pccom0 at isa0 port 0x3f8/8 irq 4: ns16550a, 16 byte fifo
pccom0: console
pccom1 at isa0 port 0x2f8/8 irq 3: ns16550a, 16 byte fifo
fdc0 at isa0 port 0x3f0/6 irq 6 drq 2
fd0 at fdc0 drive 0: 1.44MB 80 cyl, 2 head, 18 sec
usb0 at uhci0: USB revision 1.0
uhub0 at usb0: Intel UHCI root hub, rev 1.00/1.00, addr 1
biomask ffe5 netmask ffe5 ttymask ffe7
rd0: fixed, 3800 blocks
umass0 at uhub0 port 1 configuration 1 interface 0
umass0: vendor 0x05e3 USB Storage, rev 2.00/93.21, addr 2
umass0: using SCSI over Bulk-Only
scsibus1 at umass0: 2 targets
sd0 at scsibus1 targ 1 lun 0: <Generic, STORAGE DEVICE, 9321> SCSI0 0/direct removable
sd0: drive offline
sd1 at scsibus1 targ 1 lun 1: <Generic, STORAGE DEVICE, 9321> SCSI0 0/direct removable
sd1: drive offline
sd2 at scsibus1 targ 1 lun 2: <Generic, STORAGE DEVICE, 9321> SCSI0 0/direct removable
sd2: 485MB, 61 cyl, 255 head, 63 sec, 512 bytes/sec, 994304 sec total
sd3 at scsibus1 targ 1 lun 3: <Generic, STORAGE DEVICE, 9321> SCSI0 0/direct removable
sd3: drive offline
dkcsum: wd0 matches BIOS drive 0x80
root on rd0a swap on rd0b dump on rd0b
The USB card reader with 4 slots has been recognized. The 500 MB Secure Digital card containing the installation files has been detected as drive 'sd2'.

Confirm start of install
Code:
erase ^?, werase ^W, kill ^U, intr ^C, status ^T
(I)nstall, (U)pgrade or (S)hell? i
We want an install so we press an i.
Code:
Welcome to the OpenBSD/i386 4.1 install program.

This program will help you install OpenBSD. At any prompt except password
prompts you can escape to a shell by typing '!'. Default answers are shown
in []'s and are selected by pressing RETURN.  At any time you can exit this
program by pressing Control-C, but exiting during an install can leave your
system in an inconsistent state.
Terminal type and keyboard mapping
Code:
Terminal type? [vt220] Enter
kbd(8) mapping? ('L' for list) [none] Enter
Partitioning the disk at Master Boot Record level
Code:
IS YOUR DATA BACKED UP? As with anything that modifies disk contents, this
program can cause SIGNIFICANT data loss.

It is often helpful to have the installation notes handy. For complex disk
configurations, relevant disk hardware manuals and a calculator are useful.

Proceed with install? [no] yes
In case you change your mind, you still can stop here.
Code:
Cool! Let's get to it.

You will now initialize the disk(s) that OpenBSD will use. To enable all
available security features you should configure the disk(s) to allow the
creation of separate filesystems for /, /tmp, /var, /usr, and /home.

Available disks are: wd0 sd0 sd1 sd2 sd3.
'wd0' is the hard disk we want to install on, 'sd0', 'sd1', 'sd2' and 'sd3' are the four slots in the USB card reader. Be aware that both SCSI disks and USB devices use the same 'sd' naming convention.
Code:
Which one is the root disk? (or 'done') [done] wd0
Do you want to use *all* of wd0 for OpenBSD? [no] Enter

You will now create a single MBR partition to contain your OpenBSD data. This
partition must have an id of 'A6'; must *NOT* overlap other partitions; and
must be marked as the only active partition.

The 'manual' command describes all the fdisk commands in detail.

Disk: wd0	geometry: 1027/255/63 [16514064 Sectors]
Offset: 0	Signature: 0xAA55
	  Starting	   Ending	 LBA Info:
 #: id	    C	H  S -	    C	H  S [	     start:	   size ]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
*0: 0C	    0	1  1 -	 1026 254 63 [		63:    16498692 ] Win95 FAT32L
 1: 00	    0	0  0 -	    0	0  0 [		 0:	      0 ] unused
 2: 00	    0	0  0 -	    0	0  0 [		 0:	      0 ] unused
 3: 00	    0	0  0 -	    0	0  0 [		 0:	      0 ] unused
Enter 'help' for information
fdisk: 1> help
	help		Command help list
	manual		Show entire OpenBSD man page for fdisk
	reinit		Re-initialize loaded MBR (to defaults)
	setpid		Set the identifier of a given table entry
	disk		Edit current drive stats
	edit		Edit given table entry
	flag		Flag given table entry as bootable
	update		Update machine code in loaded MBR
	select		Select extended partition table entry MBR
	swap		Swap two partition entries
	print		Print loaded MBR partition table
	write		Write loaded MBR to disk
	exit		Exit edit of current MBR, without saving changes
	quit		Quit edit of current MBR, saving current changes
	abort		Abort program without saving current changes
We see the a Windows FAT32 partition. Because we want the use the complete disk we simply use the reinit and write commands.
Code:
fdisk: 1> reinit
In memory copy is initialized to:
Offset: 0	Signature: 0xAA55
	  Starting	   Ending	 LBA Info:
 #: id	    C	H  S -	    C	H  S [	     start:	   size ]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 0: 00	    0	0  0 -	    0	0  0 [		 0:	      0 ] unused
 1: 00	    0	0  0 -	    0	0  0 [		 0:	      0 ] unused
 2: 00	    0	0  0 -	    0	0  0 [		 0:	      0 ] unused
*3: A6	    0	1  1 -	 1026 254 63 [		63:    16498692 ] OpenBSD
Use 'write' to update disk.
fdisk:*1> write
Writing MBR at offset 0.
The OpenBSD MBR partition information has been written to the last slot of the MBR partition table. Most operating systems would have used the first slot. For some reason OpenBSD (as well as DR-DOS for example) has preference for the last MBR slot.
Code:
fdisk: 1> quit
Here is the partition information you chose:

Disk: wd0	geometry: 1027/255/63 [16514064 Sectors]
Offset: 0	Signature: 0xAA55
	  Starting	   Ending	 LBA Info:
 #: id	    C	H  S -	    C	H  S [	     start:	   size ]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 0: 00	    0	0  0 -	    0	0  0 [		 0:	      0 ] unused
 1: 00	    0	0  0 -	    0	0  0 [		 0:	      0 ] unused
 2: 00	    0	0  0 -	    0	0  0 [		 0:	      0 ] unused
*3: A6	    0	1  1 -	 1026 254 63 [		63:    16498692 ] OpenBSD
We use the quit command to finish the partitioning of the MBR.

Sub-partition OpenBSD MBR partition with 'disklabel'
Code:
You will now create an OpenBSD disklabel inside the OpenBSD MBR
partition. The disklabel defines how OpenBSD splits up the MBR partition
into OpenBSD partitions in which filesystems and swap space are created.

The offsets used in the disklabel are ABSOLUTE, i.e. relative to the
start of the disk, NOT the start of the OpenBSD MBR partition.

# Inside MBR partition 3: type A6 start 63 size 16498692

Treating sectors 63-16498755 as the OpenBSD portion of the disk.
You can use the 'b' command to change this.

Initial label editor (enter '?' for help at any prompt)
> ?
Available commands:
        ? [cmnd]  - this message or command specific help.
        a [part]  - add new partition.
        b         - set OpenBSD disk boundaries.
        c [part]  - change partition size.
        D         - set label to default.
        d [part]  - delete partition.
        e         - edit drive parameters.
        g [d|u]   - use [d]isk or [u]ser geometry.
        M         - show entire OpenBSD man page for disklabel.
        m [part]  - modify existing partition.
        n [part]  - set the mount point for a partition.
        p [unit]  - print label.
        q         - quit and save changes.
        r         - recalculate free space.
        s [path]  - save label to file.
        u         - undo last change.
        w         - write label to disk.
        X         - toggle expert mode.
        x         - exit without saving changes.
        z         - zero out partition table.
Numeric parameters may use suffixes to indicate units:
        'b' for bytes, 'c' for cylinders, 'k' for kilobytes, 'm' for megabytes,
        'g' for gigabytes or no suffix for sectors (usually 512 bytes).
        '%' for percent of total disk size, '&' for percent of free space.
        Non-sector units will be rounded to the nearest cylinder.
Entering '?' at most prompts will give you (simple) context sensitive help.
A listing of the available commands.
Code:
> p
device: /dev/rwd0c
type: ESDI
disk: ESDI/IDE disk
label: WDC AC28400R
bytes/sector: 512
sectors/track: 63
tracks/cylinder: 255
sectors/cylinder: 16065
cylinders: 1027
total sectors: 16514064
free sectors: 16498692
rpm: 3600

16 partitions:
#	      size	  offset  fstype [fsize bsize  cpg]
  c:	  16514064	       0  unused      0	    0
The MBR partition can be divided in several filesystems, For easy reference each of these divisions will be assigned a character from the alphabet as a label. OpenBSD allows 'a' - 'p', but with the following restrictions:
  • 'a' has been reserved for the root partition '/',
  • 'b' is reserved for swap.
  • 'c' is a symbolic partition describing the complete OpenBSD MBR partition, which we are not allowed to touch.
Code:
> a b
offset: [63] Enter
size: [16498692] 32m
Rounding to cylinder: 80262
FS type: [swap] Enter
We use the a command to add a swap partition 'b' of 32 megabyte, which is rounded by 'disklabel' to a cylinder boundary.
Code:
Assigned  :      80262 x 512 = 41,094,144 bytes
We wanted : 32 x 1024 x 1024 = 33,554,432 bytes
-----------------------------------------------
                  Difference :  7,539,712 bytes
This calculation (not part of the install) shows that the rounding to a cylinder gives us 7 MB more than we asked for.
Code:
> p
device: /dev/rwd0c
type: ESDI
disk: ESDI/IDE disk
label: WDC AC28400R
bytes/sector: 512
sectors/track: 63
tracks/cylinder: 255
sectors/cylinder: 16065
cylinders: 1027
total sectors: 16514064
free sectors: 16418430
rpm: 3600

16 partitions:
#	      size	  offset  fstype [fsize bsize  cpg]
  b:	     80262	      63    swap
  c:	  16514064	       0  unused      0	    0
To check we use the p command and we see that 'disklabel' has deducted the 80,262 sectors from the total available amount of 16,514,064.
Code:
> a a
offset: [80325] Enter
size: [16418430] Enter
FS type: [4.2BSD] Enter
mount point: [none] /
With the a command we assign the remaining sectors to partition 'a'. Because we will create one single partition for the programs and data, we just confirm the suggestions of 'disklabel' by pressing Enter. To the mount point question we answer with '/'.
Code:
> p
device: /dev/rwd0c
type: ESDI
disk: ESDI/IDE disk
label: WDC AC28400R
bytes/sector: 512
sectors/track: 63
tracks/cylinder: 255
sectors/cylinder: 16065
cylinders: 1027
total sectors: 16514064
free sectors: 0
rpm: 3600

16 partitions:
#	      size	  offset  fstype [fsize bsize  cpg]
  a:	  16418430	   80325  4.2BSD   2048 16384	16 # /
  b:	     80262	      63    swap
  c:	  16514064	       0  unused      0	    0
Normally at this point we would be ready.

But for didactic reasons and because some prefer to have the swap partition at the end of the disk, we will delete the two partitions. and rearrange them. The 16,418,430 size of the 'a' label, as calculated by 'disklabel' will be reused.
Code:
> d a
> d b
> p
device: /dev/rwd0c
type: ESDI
disk: ESDI/IDE disk
label: WDC AC28400R
bytes/sector: 512
sectors/track: 63
tracks/cylinder: 255
sectors/cylinder: 16065
cylinders: 1027
total sectors: 16514064
free sectors: 16498692
rpm: 3600

16 partitions:
#	      size	  offset  fstype [fsize bsize  cpg]
  c:	  16514064	       0  unused      0	    0
The command to delete is d.
Code:
> a a
offset: [63] Enter
size: [16498692] 16418430
FS type: [4.2BSD] Enter
mount point: [none] /
Using the 16,418,430 sectors 'disklabel' has calculated, we add 'a' as first partition.
Code:
> a b
offset: [16418493] Enter
size: [80262] Enter
FS type: [swap] Enter
> p
device: /dev/rwd0c
type: ESDI
disk: ESDI/IDE disk
label: WDC AC28400R
bytes/sector: 512
sectors/track: 63
tracks/cylinder: 255
sectors/cylinder: 16065
cylinders: 1027
total sectors: 16514064
free sectors: 0
rpm: 3600

16 partitions:
#	      size	  offset  fstype [fsize bsize  cpg]
  a:	  16418430	      63  4.2BSD   2048 16384	16 # /
  b:	     80262	16418493    swap
  c:	  16514064	       0  unused      0	    0
> quit
Write new label?: [y] Enter
Available disks are: sd0 sd1 sd2 sd3.
Which one do you wish to initialize? (or 'done') [done] Enter
Add the swap partition. With quit and Enter to confirm the write. we finalize the 'disklabel' layout of the OpenBSD Master Boot Record partition.
Code:
OpenBSD filesystems:
wd0a /

The next step *DESTROYS* all existing data on these partitions!
Are you really sure that you're ready to proceed? [no] yes
/dev/rwd0a: 8016.8MB in 16418428 sectors of 512 bytes
40 cylinder groups of 202.47MB, 12958 blocks, 25984 inodes each
/dev/wd0a on /mnt type ffs (rw, asynchronous, local, ctime=Fri Jun 22 03:14:33 2007)
After confirming again, the disk has been initialized with a freshly created filesystem for the '/' partition.

TCP/IP network configuration
Code:
System hostname? (short form, e.g. 'foo') protogoras
Configure the network? [yes] Enter
Available interfaces are: fxp0.
Which one do you wish to initialize? (or 'done') [fxp0] Enter
Symbolic (host) name for fxp0? [protogoras] Enter
The media options for fxp0 are currently
	media: Ethernet autoselect (100baseTX full-duplex)
Do you want to change the media options? [no] Enter
IPv4 address for fxp0? (or 'none' or 'dhcp') 192.168.222.18
Netmask? [255.255.255.0]
IPv6 address for fxp0? (or 'rtsol' or 'none') [none] Enter
No more interfaces to initialize.
DNS domain name? (e.g. 'bar.com') [my.domain] utp.xnet
DNS nameserver? (IP address or 'none') [none] 192.168.222.10
Use the nameserver now? [yes] no
Default IPv4 route? (IPv4 address, 'dhcp' or 'none') 192.168.222.10
add net default: gateway 192.168.222.10
Edit hosts with ed? [no] Enter
Do you want to do any manual network configuration? [no] Enter
Settings only valid for my home network.

Password for root
Code:
Password for root account? (will not echo)
Password for root account? (again)
The installer does not provide opportunity to create an user account. You are only asked for the password for the root account.

Select SD card in USB card reader
Code:
Let's install the sets!
Location of sets? (cd disk ftp http or 'done') [cd] disk
Is the disk partition already mounted? [no] Enter
Available disks are: wd0 sd0 sd1 sd2 sd3.
Which one contains the install media? (or 'done') [wd0] sd2
Pathname to the sets? (or 'done') [4.1/i386] obsd
INSTALL.i386 not found. Use sets found here anyway? [no] yes
We select 'sd2', the SD card in the USB card reader and the directory 'obsd' containing the installation file sets.

Choose file sets
Code:
Select sets by entering a set name, a file name pattern or 'all'. De-select
sets by prepending a '-' to the set name, file name pattern or 'all'. Selected
sets are labelled '[X]'.

	[X] bsd
	[X] bsd.rd
	[ ] bsd.mp
	[X] base41.tgz
	[X] etc41.tgz
	[X] misc41.tgz
	[X] comp41.tgz
	[X] man41.tgz
	[ ] xbase41.tgz
	[ ] xetc41.tgz
	[ ] xshare41.tgz
	[ ] xfont41.tgz
	[ ] xserv41.tgz
Set name? (or 'done') [bsd.mp] x*

	[X] bsd
	[X] bsd.rd
	[ ] bsd.mp
	[X] base41.tgz
	[X] etc41.tgz
	[X] misc41.tgz
	[X] comp41.tgz
	[X] man41.tgz
	[X] xbase41.tgz
	[X] xetc41.tgz
	[X] xshare41.tgz
	[X] xfont41.tgz
	[X] xserv41.tgz
Set name? (or 'done') [bsd.mp] done
The installer has found the sets on the SD card. We add the file sets for the X Window system.

Copying install sets from SD card
Code:
Ready to install sets? [yes] Enter
Getting bsd ...
100% |**************************************************|  6001 KB    00:12 ETA
Getting bsd.rd ...
100% |**************************************************|  4909 KB    00:09 ETA
Getting base41.tgz ...
100% |**************************************************| 41552 KB    01:30 ETA
Getting etc41.tgz ...
100% |**************************************************|  1211 KB    00:02 ETA
Getting misc41.tgz ...
100% |**************************************************|  2239 KB    00:04 ETA
Getting comp41.tgz ...
100% |**************************************************| 76957 KB    02:39 ETA
Getting man41.tgz ...
100% |**************************************************|  7478 KB    00:15 ETA
Getting xbase41.tgz ...
100% |**************************************************| 11676 KB    00:24 ETA
Getting xetc41.tgz ...
100% |**************************************************| 75554	      00:00 ETA
Getting xshare41.tgz ...
100% |**************************************************|  2487 KB    00:07 ETA
Getting xfont41.tgz ...
100% |**************************************************| 34745 KB    01:16 ETA
Getting xserv41.tgz ...
100% |**************************************************| 10106 KB    00:22 ETA
Location of sets? (cd disk ftp http or 'done') [cd] done
Additional opportunity to retrieve additional sets from another source. For example 'games41.tgz' or 'site41.tgz'. But we are done.

Miscellaneous configuration
Code:
Start sshd(8) by default? [yes] Enter
NTP server? (or 'none' or 'default') [none] 192.168.222.10
Do you expect to run the X Window System? [no] yes
Change the default console to com0? [no] Enter
Saving configuration files...done.
Generating initial host.random file...done.
Setting timezone
Code:
What timezone are you in? ('?' for list) [Canada/Mountain] ?
Africa/	     Chile/	  GB-Eire      Israel	    NZ-CHAT	 UCT
America/     Cuba	  GMT	       Jamaica	    Navajo	 US/
Antarctica/  EET	  GMT+0	       Japan	    PRC		 UTC
Arctic/	     EST	  GMT-0	       Kwajalein    PST8PDT	 Universal
Asia/	     EST5EDT	  GMT0	       Libya	    Pacific/	 W-SU
Atlantic/    Egypt	  Greenwich    MET	    Poland	 WET
Australia/   Eire	  HST	       MST	    Portugal	 Zulu
Brazil/	     Etc/	  Hongkong     MST7MDT	    ROC		 posix/
CET	     Europe/	  Iceland      Mexico/	    ROK		 posixrules
CST6CDT	     Factory	  Indian/      Mideast/	    Singapore	 right/
Canada/	     GB		  Iran	       NZ	    Turkey	 zone.tab
What timezone are you in? ('?' for list) [Canada/Mountain] Europe
What sub-timezone of 'Europe' are you in? ('?' for list) ?
Amsterdam    Chisinau	  Kiev	       Moscow	    Sarajevo	 Vatican
Andorra	     Copenhagen	  Lisbon       Nicosia	    Simferopol	 Vienna
Athens	     Dublin	  Ljubljana    Oslo	    Skopje	 Vilnius
Belfast	     Gibraltar	  London       Paris	    Sofia	 Volgograd
Belgrade     Guernsey	  Luxembourg   Podgorica    Stockholm	 Warsaw
Berlin	     Helsinki	  Madrid       Prague	    Tallinn	 Zagreb
Bratislava   Isle_of_Man  Malta	       Riga	    Tirane	 Zaporozhye
Brussels     Istanbul	  Mariehamn    Rome	    Tiraspol	 Zurich
Bucharest    Jersey	  Minsk	       Samara	    Uzhgorod
Budapest     Kaliningrad  Monaco       San_Marino   Vaduz
What sub-timezone of 'Europe' are you in? ('?' for list) Amsterdam
Setting local timezone to 'Europe/Amsterdam'...done.
We also could have entered 'Europe/Amsterdam' at the first prompt.

Device nodes, boot block, 'halt' and reboot
Code:
Making all device nodes...done.
Installing boot block...
boot: /mnt/boot
proto: /usr/mdec/biosboot
device: /dev/rwd0c
/usr/mdec/biosboot: entry point 0
proto bootblock size 512
/mnt/boot is 3 blocks x 16384 bytes
fs block shift 2; part offset 63; inode block 144, offset 808
using MBR partition 3: type 166 (0xa6) offset 63 (0x3f)
done.

CONGRATULATIONS! Your OpenBSD install has been successfully completed!
To boot the new system, enter halt at the command prompt. Once the
system has halted, reset the machine and boot from the disk.
# halt
syncing disks... done

The operating system has halted.
Please press any key to reboot.

rebooting
Remove the CD from the drive, type halt and press a key to reboot

$Id: cardreader.xml,v 1.5 2007/06/27 01:41:25 j65nko Exp $
$Id: vbul-html.xsl,v 1.6 2007/06/27 04:49:57 j65nko Exp $
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