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Old 9th February 2009
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jggimi jggimi is offline
More noise than signal
Join Date: May 2008
Location: USA
Posts: 6,350

When you boot "-s" you end up in single-user mode. It is a root shell, with no environment variables set other than $TERM. Only the root partition "/" is mounted, and it is mounted read-only.

ifconfig is normally installed in /sbin, which is in the root partition. You should be able to use it. However, /var is usually a separate filesystem, and is not mounted. And your dmesg won't be in /var/run/dmesg.boot, as rc(8) is not run in single user mode. If you want to see your dmesg, issue the dmesg(8) command.

To mount all of your automatically mounted filesystems from fstab(5), issue:

# mount -a
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