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Old 14th May 2020
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jggimi jggimi is offline
More noise than signal
Join Date: May 2008
Location: USA
Posts: 7,400

If you review the passwd(5) and pwd_mkdb(8) man pages, you will learn that the Berkeley DB files are created from the master.passwd file whenever it is changed.

I would:
  1. Manually back up your damaged set of password files from /etc/: passwd, pwd.db, master.passwd, and spwd.db in the event the next step is catastrophic.
  2. Restore all 4 files from your possibly good backup.
In the event you need to recover your current damaged environment, boot into single-user mode (boot> -s), # mount -a, restore the 4 files from your damaged set, then exit from the single-user shell or # reboot.
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