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Old 14th October 2008
archstudent archstudent is offline
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Default No Sound on 7.0 + VIA VT8237

Goal is to use S/PDIF on Asus A8V with VIA VT8237 chipset.
FreeBSD 7.0 & KDE4

Driver snd_via8233 supports chipset VIA VT8237 according to release notes.

There is no digital output optical or coax nor is there analog output on any channel.

Any ideas?

Output of mixer

Mixer vol is currently set to 100:100
Mixer pcm is currently set to 100:100
Mixer speaker is currently set to 75:75
Mixer line is currently set to 75:75
Mixer mic is currently set to 0:0
Mixer cd is currently set to 100:100
Mixer rec is currently set to 59:59
Mixer igain is currently set to 68:68
Mixer ogain is currently set to 100:100
Mixer line1 is currently set to 75:75
Mixer phin is currently set to 65:65
Mixer phout is currently set to 41:41


Output of kldstat

Id Refs Address Size Name
1 16 0xc0400000 906518 kernel
2 1 0xc0d07000 7f24 snd_via8233.ko
3 2 0xc0d0f000 4a5ac sound.ko
4 1 0xc0d5a000 1258c bktr.ko
5 2 0xc0d6d000 2000 bktr_mem.ko
6 1 0xc0d6f000 6a32c acpi.ko
7 1 0xc443b000 7000 linprocfs.ko
8 1 0xc4442000 22000 linux.ko

Output of cat /dev/sndstat

FreeBSD Audio Driver (newpcm: 32bit 2007061600/i386)
Installed devices:
pcm0: <VIA VT8237> at io 0xe800 irq 22 kld snd_via8233 [MPSAFE] (5p:1v/1r:1v channels duplex default)

Output of dmesg

CPU: AMD Athlon(tm) 64 Processor 3200+ (2002.57-MHz 686-class CPU)
Origin = "AuthenticAMD" Id = 0x10ff0 Stepping = 0
Features=0x78bfbff<FPU,VME,DE,PSE,TSC,MSR,PAE,MCE, CX8,APIC,SEP,MTRR,PGE,MCA,CMOV,PAT,PSE36,CLFLUSH,M MX,FXSR,SSE,SSE2>
AMD Features=0xe2500800<SYSCALL,NX,MMX+,FFXSR,LM,3DNow !+,3DNow!>
AMD Features2=0x1<LAHF>
real memory = 1073414144 (1023 MB)
avail memory = 1036795904 (988 MB)
ACPI APIC Table: <A M I OEMAPIC >
MADT: Forcing active-low polarity and level trigger for SCI
ioapic0 <Version 0.3> irqs 0-23 on motherboard
bktr_mem: memory holder loaded
kbd1 at kbdmux0
ath_hal: 0.9.20.3 (AR5210, AR5211, AR5212, RF5111, RF5112, RF2413, RF5413)
hptrr: HPT RocketRAID controller driver v1.1 (Feb 24 2008 19:59:27)
acpi0: <A M I OEMRSDT> on motherboard
acpi0: [ITHREAD]
acpi0: Power Button (fixed)
acpi0: reservation of 0, a0000 (3) failed
acpi0: reservation of 100000, 3fef0000 (3) failed
Timecounter "ACPI-fast" frequency 3579545 Hz quality 1000
acpi_timer0: <24-bit timer at 3.579545MHz> port 0x808-0x80b on acpi0
cpu0: <ACPI CPU> on acpi0
powernow0: <Cool`n'Quiet K8> on cpu0
device_attach: powernow0 attach returned 6
pcib0: <ACPI Host-PCI bridge> port 0xcf8-0xcff on acpi0
pci0: <ACPI PCI bus> on pcib0
agp0: <VIA K8T800Pro host to PCI bridge> on hostb0
pcib1: <ACPI PCI-PCI bridge> at device 1.0 on pci0
pci1: <ACPI PCI bus> on pcib1
vgapci0: <VGA-compatible display> mem 0xfb000000-0xfbffffff,0xe0000000-0xefffffff,0xfa000000-0xfaffffff irq 16 at device 0.0 on pci1
fwohci0: <VIA Fire II (VT6306)> port 0xa800-0xa87f mem 0xf9a00000-0xf9a007ff irq 16 at device 7.0 on pci0
fwohci0: [FILTER]
fwohci0: OHCI version 1.0 (ROM=1)
fwohci0: No. of Isochronous channels is 4.
fwohci0: EUI64 00:e0:18:00:00:a9:07:2f
fwohci0: Phy 1394a available S400, 2 ports.
fwohci0: Link S400, max_rec 2048 bytes.
firewire0: <IEEE1394(FireWire) bus> on fwohci0
fwe0: <Ethernet over FireWire> on firewire0
if_fwe0: Fake Ethernet address: 02:e0:18:a9:07:2f
fwe0: Ethernet address: 02:e0:18:a9:07:2f
fwip0: <IP over FireWire> on firewire0
fwip0: Firewire address: 00:e0:18:00:00:a9:07:2f @ 0xfffe00000000, S400, maxrec 2048
sbp0: <SBP-2/SCSI over FireWire> on firewire0
dcons_crom0: <dcons configuration ROM> on firewire0
dcons_crom0: bus_addr 0x13ec000
fwohci0: Initiate bus reset
fwohci0: BUS reset
fwohci0: node_id=0xc800ffc0, gen=1, CYCLEMASTER mode
skc0: <Marvell Gigabit Ethernet> port 0xb000-0xb0ff mem 0xf9c00000-0xf9c03fff irq 17 at device 10.0 on pci0
skc0: Marvell Yukon Lite Gigabit Ethernet rev. A3(0x7)
sk0: <Marvell Semiconductor, Inc. Yukon> on skc0
sk0: Ethernet address: 00:11:2f:ba:b0:6a
miibus0: <MII bus> on sk0
e1000phy0: <Marvell 88E1011 Gigabit PHY> PHY 0 on miibus0
e1000phy0: 10baseT, 10baseT-FDX, 100baseTX, 100baseTX-FDX, 1000baseTX-FDX, auto
skc0: [ITHREAD]
bktr0: <BrookTree 878> mem 0xdfe00000-0xdfe00fff irq 19 at device 14.0 on pci0
bktr0: [GIANT-LOCKED]
bktr0: [ITHREAD]
bktr0: Hauppauge Model 44371 B123
bktr0: Detected a MSP3435G-B6 at 0x80
bktr0: Hauppauge WinCast/TV, Philips FR1236 NTSC FM tuner, msp3400c stereo, remote control.
pci0: <multimedia> at device 14.1 (no driver attached)
atapci0: <VIA 6420 SATA150 controller> port 0xd000-0xd007,0xc800-0xc803,0xc400-0xc407,0xc000-0xc003,0xb800-0xb80f,0xb400-0xb4ff irq 20 at device 15.0 on pci0
atapci0: [ITHREAD]
ata2: <ATA channel 0> on atapci0
ata2: [ITHREAD]
ata3: <ATA channel 1> on atapci0
ata3: [ITHREAD]
atapci1: <VIA 8237 UDMA133 controller> port 0x1f0-0x1f7,0x3f6,0x170-0x177,0x376,0xfc00-0xfc0f at device 15.1 on pci0
ata0: <ATA channel 0> on atapci1
ata0: [ITHREAD]
ata1: <ATA channel 1> on atapci1
ata1: [ITHREAD]
uhci0: <VIA 83C572 USB controller> port 0xd400-0xd41f irq 21 at device 16.0 on pci0
uhci0: [GIANT-LOCKED]
uhci0: [ITHREAD]
usb0: <VIA 83C572 USB controller> on uhci0
usb0: USB revision 1.0
uhub0: <VIA UHCI root hub, class 9/0, rev 1.00/1.00, addr 1> on usb0
uhub0: 2 ports with 2 removable, self powered
uhci1: <VIA 83C572 USB controller> port 0xd800-0xd81f irq 21 at device 16.1 on pci0
uhci1: [GIANT-LOCKED]
uhci1: [ITHREAD]
usb1: <VIA 83C572 USB controller> on uhci1
usb1: USB revision 1.0
uhub1: <VIA UHCI root hub, class 9/0, rev 1.00/1.00, addr 1> on usb1
uhub1: 2 ports with 2 removable, self powered
uhci2: <VIA 83C572 USB controller> port 0xe000-0xe01f irq 21 at device 16.2 on pci0
uhci2: [GIANT-LOCKED]
uhci2: [ITHREAD]
usb2: <VIA 83C572 USB controller> on uhci2
usb2: USB revision 1.0
uhub2: <VIA UHCI root hub, class 9/0, rev 1.00/1.00, addr 1> on usb2
uhub2: 2 ports with 2 removable, self powered
uhci3: <VIA 83C572 USB controller> port 0xe400-0xe41f irq 21 at device 16.3 on pci0
uhci3: [GIANT-LOCKED]
uhci3: [ITHREAD]
usb3: <VIA 83C572 USB controller> on uhci3
usb3: USB revision 1.0
uhub3: <VIA UHCI root hub, class 9/0, rev 1.00/1.00, addr 1> on usb3
uhub3: 2 ports with 2 removable, self powered
ehci0: <VIA VT6202 USB 2.0 controller> mem 0xf9e00000-0xf9e000ff irq 21 at device 16.4 on pci0
ehci0: [GIANT-LOCKED]
ehci0: [ITHREAD]
usb4: EHCI version 1.0
usb4: companion controllers, 2 ports each: usb0 usb1 usb2 usb3
usb4: <VIA VT6202 USB 2.0 controller> on ehci0
usb4: USB revision 2.0
uhub4: <VIA EHCI root hub, class 9/0, rev 2.00/1.00, addr 1> on usb4
uhub4: 8 ports with 8 removable, self powered
isab0: <PCI-ISA bridge> at device 17.0 on pci0
isa0: <ISA bus> on isab0
pcm0: <VIA VT8237> port 0xe800-0xe8ff irq 22 at device 17.5 on pci0
pcm0: [ITHREAD]
pcm0: <Avance Logic ALC850 AC97 Codec>
pcm0: <VIA DXS Enabled: DXS 4 / SGD 1 / REC 1>
acpi_button0: <Power Button> on acpi0
acpi_button1: <Sleep Button> on acpi0
atkbdc0: <Keyboard controller (i8042)> port 0x60,0x64 irq 1 on acpi0
atkbd0: <AT Keyboard> irq 1 on atkbdc0
kbd0 at atkbd0
atkbd0: [GIANT-LOCKED]
atkbd0: [ITHREAD]
fdc0: <floppy drive controller (FDE)> port 0x3f0-0x3f5,0x3f7 irq 6 drq 2 on acpi0
fdc0: [FILTER]
sio0: configured irq 3 not in bitmap of probed irqs 0
sio0: port may not be enabled
sio0: configured irq 3 not in bitmap of probed irqs 0
sio0: port may not be enabled
sio0: <16550A-compatible COM port> port 0x2f8-0x2ff irq 3 flags 0x10 on acpi0
sio0: type 16550A
sio0: [FILTER]
sio1: configured irq 4 not in bitmap of probed irqs 0
sio1: port may not be enabled
sio1: configured irq 4 not in bitmap of probed irqs 0
sio1: port may not be enabled
sio1: <16550A-compatible COM port> port 0x3f8-0x3ff irq 4 on acpi0
sio1: type 16550A
sio1: [FILTER]
pmtimer0 on isa0
orm0: <ISA Option ROM> at iomem 0xce000-0xd1fff pnpid ORM0000 on isa0
ppc0: <Parallel port> at port 0x378-0x37f irq 7 on isa0
ppc0: Generic chipset (NIBBLE-only) in COMPATIBLE mode
ppbus0: <Parallel port bus> on ppc0
ppbus0: [ITHREAD]
plip0: <PLIP network interface> on ppbus0
lpt0: <Printer> on ppbus0
lpt0: Interrupt-driven port
ppi0: <Parallel I/O> on ppbus0
ppc0: [GIANT-LOCKED]
ppc0: [ITHREAD]
sc0: <System console> at flags 0x100 on isa0
sc0: VGA <16 virtual consoles, flags=0x300>
vga0: <Generic ISA VGA> at port 0x3c0-0x3df iomem 0xa0000-0xbffff on isa0
ugen0: <vendor 0x0471 product 0x0602, class 0/0, rev 1.10/0.00, addr 2> on uhub0
ums0: <Logitech USB Optical Mouse, class 0/0, rev 1.10/21.10, addr 3> on uhub0
ums0: 3 buttons and Z dir.
Timecounter "TSC" frequency 2002571935 Hz quality 800
Timecounters tick every 1.000 msec
hptrr: no controller detected.
firewire0: 1 nodes, maxhop <= 0, cable IRM = 0 (me)
firewire0: bus manager 0 (me)
ad0: 381554MB <Seagate ST3400620A 3.AAE> at ata0-master UDMA100
ad4: 381554MB <Hitachi HDS724040KLSA80 KFAOA20N> at ata2-master SATA150
ad6: 381554MB <Hitachi HDS724040KLSA80 KFAOA20N> at ata3-master SATA150
Trying to mount root from ufs:/dev/ad4s1a
sk0: link state changed to UP



Any effort is greatly appreciated.
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Old 14th October 2008
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what are you using to test if there's sound?
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Old 14th October 2008
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I have used juk for mp3s, dvd audio, avi, fxtv, even streaming from pandora.com
all with the same result.

Possibly more unusual is that the optical output doesn't even light. Previously I had ArchLinux on this box and with some effort it got the output to work.

Additionally $ cat /dev/random > /dev/dsp produces no results.

Last edited by archstudent; 14th October 2008 at 07:21 PM.
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Old 14th October 2008
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Have you tried?
# cat filename > /dev/dsp

Do you hear anything?
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Old 14th October 2008
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Rex - I have tried various wav and mp3 files.... all of which produce no sound.
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Old 14th October 2008
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Do you have more than 1 sound card?

Also (no ofense) that speakers/headphones are plugged in right position and are powered.... (shit happens)
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Old 14th October 2008
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are you loading kernel module or have you compiled kernel for sound support.

again no offense if you have not done it let freebsd decide whats the best driver.
try this

# kldload snd_driver
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Old 14th October 2008
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kldload snd_driver Picks out the module snd_via8233.ko

I have the module load from /boot/loader.conf which looks like

#sound_load="YES"

#snd_hda_load="YES"
snd_via8233_load="YES"
bktr_load="YES"

When I log into the kde environment the mixer icon appears where it should.

Killasmurf - the only sound card I have is onboard AC97 (and enabled in bios). I double checked the analog output is plugged in correctly and the digital output (both optical and coax) are also correct, yet neither produces output.
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Old 15th October 2008
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AC97., hmmm, i have AC97 as well, on abit mainboard.... try using snd_ich driver (ain't got nothing to lose...)


speaking about via8233
man snd_via8233 says
Code:
HARDWARE
     The snd_via8233 driver supports the following audio chipsets:

     o   VIA VT8233
     o   VIA VT8233A
     o   VIA VT8233C
     o   VIA VT8235
     o   VIA VT8237
     o   VIA VT8251


BUGS
     The snd_via8233 driver does not support S/PDIF.  There is partial support
     in the code, so implementing it should be fairly easy if the right hard-
     ware is available.

from your dmesg
Code:
pcm0: <VIA VT8237> port 0xe800-0xe8ff irq 22 at device 17.5 on pci0
pcm0: [ITHREAD]
pcm0: <Avance Logic ALC850 AC97 Codec>
pcm0: <VIA DXS Enabled: DXS 4 / SGD 1 / REC 1>
it should work

Are you using 32 or 64 bit system?
I'm out of options here....
can you get some live CD, like freesbie, and test it

Last edited by graudeejs; 15th October 2008 at 05:45 AM.
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You may want to try using the OSS sound drivers instead since the FreeBSD driver does not support S/PDIF. They are in ports under audio/oss. Be sure to disable the FreeBSD sound driver before trying to use OSS.
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Old 15th October 2008
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Update: With BSD driver via_8233 I can get analog sound with

cat /wavefile > /dev/dsp

However there is still no sound output when using Juk/ Dragonvideo / fxtv
Additionally, in the system settings under audio, there are no output devices listed... KDE4 was compiled before an audio driver was loaded (if that makes a difference)

What am I missing here to get analog playback?

Last edited by archstudent; 15th October 2008 at 08:57 PM.
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Old 15th October 2008
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Quote:
Originally Posted by archstudent View Post
Update: With BSD driver via_8233 I can get analog sound with

cat /wavefile > /dev/dsp

However there is still no sound output when using Juk/ Dragonvideo / fxtv
Additionally, in the system settings under audio, there are no output devices listed...

What am I missing here to get analog playback?
sorry, i got confused
did you get sound with
cat /wavefile > /dev/dsp ?
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Quote:
Originally Posted by killasmurf86 View Post
sorry, i got confused
did you get sound with
cat /wavefile > /dev/dsp ?
Yes, but that is the only way to get sound.
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i have never used Juk/ Dragonvideo / fxtv , maybe they depend on some audio system...
try using mpg123 or/and mplayer to test sound, they Should work
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Old 15th October 2008
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Switched to xfce and sound works with xmms / mplayer / fxtv..... very strange.

Thanks for your help!
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Old 15th October 2008
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Quote:
Originally Posted by archstudent View Post
Switched to xfce and sound works with xmms / mplayer / fxtv..... very strange.
KDE 3? Hmmm... Did you make sure that aRts (the bane of many existences) is loading alright? (KDE4 doesn't have that kind of a problem, phonon defaults to using gstreamer as far as I can tell.)
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Old 16th October 2008
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Quote:
Originally Posted by archstudent View Post
Switched to xfce and sound works with xmms / mplayer / fxtv..... very strange.

Thanks for your help!
The problem probably was, that programs you mentioned used one of:
Arts, Esound, opneal, or one of many others....

xmms, mplayer, mpg123 however uses OSS straight, they wite straight to /dev/dsp (or something like that)

you can see audio jungle here
http://daemonforums.org/showpost.php...80&postcount=6

Last edited by graudeejs; 16th October 2008 at 03:45 AM.
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Old 16th October 2008
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So for apps that don't write directly to /dev/dsp, how do you direct them to get the sound out? Especially for those that don't have any configurable options?
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You need to start audio system deamon....
dunno, how exactly...
What environment are you planning to use?
Most of them should start audio system by default....
if not, you should figure out which audio systems are being used by your apps, and google, how to start it under freebsd
(can't tell really anything more.... since i don't use any environment)
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Old 17th October 2008
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Quote:
Originally Posted by killasmurf86 View Post
What environment are you planning to use?
Looks like xfce for now...

Thanks for your help.
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