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Old 15th June 2010
Lexus45 Lexus45 is offline
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Default OpenBSD 4.7. Install to USB-flash

Hi all

I'm not very new to OpenBSD, but this is my 1st installation to the USB-flash.

As I understood from the FAQ (openbsd.org/faq/faq4.html#noflopcd), we have to do the installation for 2 times. The 3rd marker in the list in this FAQ says:
Quote:
Prepare the device on another computer as described in FAQ 14 (openbsd.org/faq/faq14.html#flashmemLive). Boot from it, but chose the bsd.rd kernel, then install as normal
And in that FAQ 14 (openbsd.org/faq/faq14.html#flashmemLive) there's also an install-to-the-USB-process described.

So, I've done everything accroding to the FAQ, but all in vain. (1. prepared the USB. 2.Booted from it using bsd.rd and commited a normal installation)
When the system starts booting from the USB (after the '2nd installation'), then it reboots.

I cannot understand why it's so and what I'm doing wrong

Regards,
Lexus45
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Old 15th June 2010
shep shep is offline
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If your are using the i386 platform some one has kindly made a number of flash images
http://liveusb-openbsd.sourceforge.net/
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Old 15th June 2010
Lexus45 Lexus45 is offline
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Quote:
Originally Posted by shep View Post
If your are using the i386 platform some one has kindly made a number of flash images
ht*p://liveusb-openbsd.sourceforge.net
Thank you, friend, but I'm still interested what's the problem with my installation

The idea is nice, but looks like 'third-party'. I'm interested in creating a Live-USB myself, according to the instructions from the official site.

By the way, I'm not that kind of men who don't read the FAQs and mans but immediately start to ask questions... I read the documentation for several times, before starting to ask for help.
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Old 15th June 2010
Lexus45 Lexus45 is offline
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my architecture is i386,
I have an Intel D201GLY2 mini-ITX board
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Old 16th June 2010
shep shep is offline
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Some more information may be needed to sort out your problem.

Possible problems
1) Malformed boot sector on the target hard drive
2) Did install go to the hard drive or the usb drive?
3) Problem building the usb drive

The dmesg is a good place to start and if you can record it and post it here all the better. OpenBSD FAQ on saving the dmesg
http://www.openbsd.org/faq/faq4.html#getdmesg

The usb images are not officially supported but the author does maintain several OpenBSD packages.Trying one of the downloaded image would assess the third possibility.

Last edited by shep; 17th June 2010 at 12:04 AM. Reason: Third possibility
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Old 16th June 2010
ocicat ocicat is offline
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Lexus45 View Post
As I understood from the FAQ (openbsd.org/faq/faq4.html#noflopcd), we have to do the installation for 2 times.
You are making the process more complicated than it actually is, so let's start over.
  • If I were to install OpenBSD onto the hard drive of a desktop system, I would boot the install media, & answer a number of questions about:
    • terminal type.
    • system name.
    • network connections.
    • system password.
    • ntp.
    • X.
    • default console.
    • intended timezone.
    • target disk.
  • Once the disk is identified, fdisk(8) is executed followed by disklabel(8).
Installing to USB is no different. Instead of specifying the hard drive installed on the system, specify the device node of the USB drive. This means that the USB drive has to be plugged in before booting the install media.

Yes, Section 14.17.3 states that the USB drive has to be "mounted":
Quote:
Creating such a "live OpenBSD drive" is simple.
  • Mount your USB drive to the machine you are installing from.
  • Boot your favorite OpenBSD install media.
  • Install as normal, being careful to select your flash drive as the install target.
  • Boot from your newly created USB device.
When the install script prompts you with the following question (Section 4.5.3):
Quote:
Available disks are: wd0, sd0.
Which one is the root disk? (or 'done') [wd0]
Specify the device node of the USB drive, & continue installation. Given the information above, "wd0" is an IDE drive & "sd0" is most likely the USB drive. USB drives are mounted using the SCSI subsystem, so all USB devices will be mounted as "sdX" where "X" is some numerical value. If you have other SCSI or SATA drives in the system, the device node of the USB drive may not be "sd0". It may be "sd1" or "sd2", etc.. You will simply have to shell out of the install script & look at the dmesg(8) output to determine which device is which.

Once the installation has concluded, reboot. You will need to go into the BIOS setting & ensure that booting continues from the USB drive if you want to boot next into OpenBSD residing on the USB drive. This is possible with most newer motherboards. This may not be an option with older motherboards. You will simply have to look at what settings your BIOS provides in order to figure out whether you can boot from USB devices.

Unfortunately, there is a lot of hype about "live" media especially USB devices. USB drives are simply storage which are attached to the system through a different path than IDE, SATA, or SCSI. Section 14.17.3 simply indicates that the install script is flexible enough to target disks other than whatever is installed as the system's primary storage.

This is all that is required to install OpenBSD onto a USB drive.
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Old 16th June 2010
Lexus45 Lexus45 is offline
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Quote:
Originally Posted by shep View Post
Some more more information may be needed to sort out your The dmesg is a good place to start and if you can record it and post it here all the better. OpenBSD FAQ on saving the dmesg
.
I'm not sure if I can save the dmesg output, because the system reboots rather quickly

ocicat, thanks, but yes - I've read all this from the official FAQ all these instructions about choosing the right node, like sd0 and so on and so forth...

If it's importnat, I did it this way:

1. plugged in my 512 mb Kingston DataTravel
2. switched on my PC. By the way, it has not any HDD drives, only USB-flash
3. installed the system from CD to my USB-flash [sd0]
4. removed the CD, rebooted. I also played with BIOS.

So, the booting started from the USB, but after some dmesg lines my PC rebooted.
I could boot well only with bsd.rd but you understand that this is not actually what I want to have, as it's functionality is not so full as the 'real system' has :-)

Also some notes:
  • 512 mb usb-flash
  • a / 50 mb
  • e /usr 370 mb
  • f /var all left space
  • 'bsd', 'bsd.rd', 'base' & 'etc' sets installed (also tried without bsd.rd)
===========================================
I think the problem is in my DDR-II module.
When I bought it yesterday from my friend, he told that the memory can work not well.

I just connected the HDD with OBSD installed onto it (and removed USB flash), and the same situation - the PC reboots.

I'll change the ddr-II module, I hope it will help me

Last edited by Lexus45; 16th June 2010 at 08:34 AM.
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Old 16th June 2010
ocicat ocicat is offline
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Lexus45 View Post
I'm not sure if I can save the dmesg output, because the system reboots rather quickly
Before installing OpenBSD on the USB drive,
  • format it as type 0B (Win95 FAT32)
  • boot the install media (bsd.rd)
  • mount the USB drive as a DOS device
  • copy dmesg(8) output to the USB drive. Be sure that this output contains the on-the-fly message about mounting the USB drive.
  • umount the USB drive
  • boot whatever operating system is typically used
  • copy-&-paste the entire dmesg(8) output into the response to this message.
Yes, this dmesg(8) output will be for bsd.rd (not bsd.sp or bsd.mp...), but within it will be the kernel's recognition of the USB drive. This may give an idea as to whether it is supported or not.
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Old 17th June 2010
Lexus45 Lexus45 is offline
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Default dmesg

This is my dmesg
(I booted from CD - bsd.rd, plugged in USB-flash with FAT32, mounted it and copied the dmesg output)
Code:
OpenBSD 4.7 (RAMDISK_CD) #353: Wed Mar 17 21:02:53 MDT 2010
    deraadt@i386.openbsd.org:/usr/src/sys/arch/i386/compile/RAMDISK_CD
cpu0: Intel(R) Celeron(R) CPU 220 @ 1.20GHz ("GenuineIntel" 686-class) 1.21 GHz
cpu0: FPU,V86,DE,PSE,TSC,MSR,PAE,MCE,CX8,APIC,SEP,MTRR,PGE,MCA,CMOV,PAT,PSE36,CFLUSH,DS,ACPI,MMX,FXSR,SSE,SSE2,SS,TM,SBF,SSE3,MWAIT,DS-CPL,TM2,CX16,xTPR
real mem  = 496533504 (473MB)
avail mem = 474226688 (452MB)
mainbus0 at root
bios0 at mainbus0: AT/286+ BIOS, date 11/06/07, SMBIOS rev. 2.4 @ 0xe4da0 (23 entries)
bios0: vendor Intel Corp. version "LY66210M.86A.0134.2007.1106.1743" date 11/06/2007
bios0: Intel Corporation D201GLY
acpi0 at bios0: rev 0
acpi0: tables DSDT FACP APIC
acpimadt0 at acpi0 addr 0xfee00000: PC-AT compat
cpu0 at mainbus0: apid 0 (boot processor)
cpu0: apic clock running at 133MHz
ioapic0 at mainbus0: apid 4 pa 0xfec00000, version 14, 24 pins
ioapic0: misconfigured as apic 0, remapped to apid 4
acpiprt0 at acpi0: bus 0 (PCI0)
acpiprt1 at acpi0: bus 1 (P0P1)
bios0: ROM list: 0xc0000/0x10000 0xd0000/0xa000
pci0 at mainbus0 bus 0: configuration mode 1 (bios)
pchb0 at pci0 dev 0 function 0 "SiS 662 PCI" rev 0x01
ppb0 at pci0 dev 1 function 0 "SiS 648FX AGP" rev 0x00
pci1 at ppb0 bus 1
vga1 at pci1 dev 0 function 0 "SiS 6330 VGA" rev 0x04
wsdisplay0 at vga1 mux 1: console (80x25, vt100 emulation)
pcib0 at pci0 dev 2 function 0 "SiS 964 ISA" rev 0x36
pciide0 at pci0 dev 2 function 5 "SiS 5513 EIDE" rev 0x01: 964: DMA, channel 0 wired to compatibility, channel 1 wired to compatibility
atapiscsi0 at pciide0 channel 0 drive 1
scsibus0 at atapiscsi0: 2 targets
cd0 at scsibus0 targ 0 lun 0: <SONY, CD-RW CRX230E, QYS1> ATAPI 5/cdrom removable
cd0(pciide0:0:1): using PIO mode 4, Ultra-DMA mode 2
pciide0: channel 1 disabled (no drives)
ohci0 at pci0 dev 3 function 0 "SiS 5597/5598 USB" rev 0x0f: apic 4 int 20 (irq 11), version 1.0, legacy support
ohci1 at pci0 dev 3 function 1 "SiS 5597/5598 USB" rev 0x0f: apic 4 int 21 (irq 11), version 1.0, legacy support
ohci2 at pci0 dev 3 function 2 "SiS 5597/5598 USB" rev 0x0f: apic 4 int 22 (irq 10), version 1.0, legacy support
ehci0 at pci0 dev 3 function 3 "SiS 7002 USB" rev 0x00: apic 4 int 23 (irq 11)
ehci0: timed out waiting for BIOS
usb0 at ehci0: USB revision 2.0
uhub0 at usb0 "SiS EHCI root hub" rev 2.00/1.00 addr 1
sis0 at pci0 dev 4 function 0 "SiS 900 10/100BaseTX" rev 0x91: apic 4 int 19 (irq 10), address 00:1c:c0:6e:07:c6
brgphy0 at sis0 phy 1: BCM54XX 10/100/1000baseT PHY, rev. 1
ppb1 at pci0 dev 31 function 0 "SiS PCI-PCI" rev 0x00
pci2 at ppb1 bus 2
isa0 at pcib0
isadma0 at isa0
pckbc0 at isa0 port 0x60/5
pckbd0 at pckbc0 (kbd slot)
pckbc0: using irq 1 for kbd slot
wskbd0 at pckbd0: console keyboard, using wsdisplay0
npx0 at isa0 port 0xf0/16: reported by CPUID; using exception 16
usb1 at ohci0: USB revision 1.0
uhub1 at usb1 "SiS OHCI root hub" rev 1.00/1.00 addr 1
usb2 at ohci1: USB revision 1.0
uhub2 at usb2 "SiS OHCI root hub" rev 1.00/1.00 addr 1
usb3 at ohci2: USB revision 1.0
uhub3 at usb3 "SiS OHCI root hub" rev 1.00/1.00 addr 1
rd0: fixed, 3800 blocks
softraid0 at root
root on rd0a swap on rd0b dump on rd0b
umass0 at uhub0 port 6 configuration 1 interface 0 "Kingston DataTraveler 2.0" rev 2.00/1.00 addr 2
umass0: using SCSI over Bulk-Only
scsibus1 at umass0: 2 targets, initiator 0
sd0 at scsibus1 targ 1 lun 0: <Kingston, DataTraveler 2.0, 1.00> SCSI2 0/direct removable
sd0: 489MB, 512 bytes/sec, 1001472 sec total
sd0 detached
scsibus1 detached
umass0 detached
umass0 at uhub0 port 6 configuration 1 interface 0 "Kingston DataTraveler 2.0" rev 2.00/1.00 addr 2
umass0: using SCSI over Bulk-Only
scsibus1 at umass0: 2 targets, initiator 0
sd0 at scsibus1 targ 1 lun 0: <Kingston, DataTraveler 2.0, 1.00> SCSI2 0/direct removable
sd0: 489MB, 512 bytes/sec, 1001472 sec total
PS: and yes.. I think the problem is in my mini-ITX motherboard, because the system is not working well (it restarts on and on...) not only when using USB-boot, but also after connecting a HDD with already well-installed OBSD 4.7 (it worked fine with another motherboard & CPU, not mini-ITX).

The reason shouldn't also be in memory, because yesterday I ran memtest for 5+ hours (from Xubuntu live-CD) and everything was fine.

PS2: just now I tried with NetBSD 5.0.2 (the latest release) and the PC also restarted. On the other hand, Xubuntu 7.10 Live-CD (not new version) started well on my hardware. SLAX Linux also started well yesterday, from a USB-stick.

So, I consider to think that Intel D201GLY2 is not supported yet well enough by Open- and NetBSD (I haven't tried Free-).

That's a pity, but not a real problem. I want to set up a small home server with hosting a tiny website, smtp/pop3 daemons, OpenVPN running on it and also doing NAT for my other home PCs. If *BSD don't support this little motherboard, I'll use SLAX.

Last edited by Lexus45; 17th June 2010 at 08:37 AM.
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Old 17th June 2010
ocicat ocicat is offline
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Lexus45 View Post
The reason shouldn't also be in memory, because yesterday I ran memtest for 5+ hours (from Xubuntu live-CD) and everything was fine.
You may not have run memtest long enough. We have seen cases here where memory tests ran well for the first 24 - 30 hours before failing.

As for the dmesg(8) output, the following may appear ominous:
Code:
ioapic0: misconfigured as apic 0, remapped to apid 4
...but I see the same in the dmesg(8) on my Thinkpad (which runs OpenBSD well...). Perhaps the output from the bsd.sp or bsd.mp kernels might have indicated more, but unexpected reboots prevented this from happening.

It may be worth doing more memory testing, but memtest must run continuously without interruption. Leaving it for a day may be in order especially if the memory can be replaced.
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Old 17th June 2010
BSDfan666 BSDfan666 is offline
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That ioapic(4) message is quite normal and safe, and most likely not the cause of this issue, it could be faulty memory.. but a system that reboots sporadically would seem to indicate hardware failure or perhaps a dusty CPU heatsink?
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Old 18th June 2010
Lexus45 Lexus45 is offline
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Quote:
Originally Posted by ocicat View Post
It may be worth doing more memory testing, but memtest must run continuously without interruption. Leaving it for a day may be in order especially if the memory can be replaced.
I forgot to mention that the day before yesterday I changed the memory module , but the system still rebooted...

I ran memtest with this 'new' memory, only with it, but it seems not very true to life that each memory module which's plugged into this motherboard appears to be faulty.

I think the reason is this mini-ITX Intel D201GLY2 motherboard (I mean hardware compatability, not it's 'health' in general, because as I've already said, Slax Linux worked fine from the USB-stick).
Has anybody had experience with OpenBSD running on this motherboard?

I googled and as I saw that people had problems while trying to install OpenBSD on this hardware.

Quote:
Originally Posted by BSDfan666 View Post
or perhaps a dusty CPU heatsink?
no, it's impossible - the motherboard is absolutely new, it was bought several days ago in the copmuter shop with a good reputation and right after byuing I started to play with it

One more note: my board is Intel D201GLY2A (but it's not too impotant, as D201GLY2 and D201GLY2A are based on the same chipset SiS 662)

Last edited by Lexus45; 18th June 2010 at 03:06 PM.
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Old 19th June 2010
Lexus45 Lexus45 is offline
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One guy from #netbsd channel at Freenode IRC-server gave an advice to publish the Linux dmesg output.

So, that's it

Code:
Linux version 2.6.27.27 (root@darkstar) (gcc version 4.2.4) #1 SMP Wed Jul 22 07:27:34 AKDT 2009
BIOS-provided physical RAM map:
 BIOS-e820: 0000000000000000 - 000000000009fc00 (usable)
 BIOS-e820: 000000000009fc00 - 00000000000a0000 (reserved)
 BIOS-e820: 00000000000e0000 - 0000000000100000 (reserved)
 BIOS-e820: 0000000000100000 - 000000001ce34000 (usable)
 BIOS-e820: 000000001ce34000 - 000000001d235000 (ACPI NVS)
 BIOS-e820: 000000001d235000 - 000000001ddf2000 (usable)
 BIOS-e820: 000000001ddf2000 - 000000001ddf4000 (reserved)
 BIOS-e820: 000000001ddf4000 - 000000001de79000 (usable)
 BIOS-e820: 000000001de79000 - 000000001def7000 (ACPI NVS)
 BIOS-e820: 000000001def7000 - 000000001def8000 (usable)
 BIOS-e820: 000000001def8000 - 000000001deff000 (ACPI data)
 BIOS-e820: 000000001deff000 - 000000001df00000 (usable)
 BIOS-e820: 00000000fff80000 - 0000000100000000 (reserved)
DMI 2.4 present.
last_pfn = 0x1df00 max_arch_pfn = 0x100000
x86 PAT enabled: cpu 0, old 0x7040600070406, new 0x7010600070106
kernel direct mapping tables up to 1df00000 @ 7000-d000
RAMDISK: 1cbaf000 - 1ce33fea
ACPI: RSDP 000FE020, 0014 (r0 INTEL )
ACPI: RSDT 1DEFE038, 002C (r1 INTEL  DG965CO        86       1000013)
ACPI: FACP 1DEFD000, 0074 (r1 INTEL  DG965CO        86 MSFT  1000013)
ACPI: DSDT 1DEF9000, 30F6 (r1 INTEL  DG965CO        86 MSFT  1000013)
ACPI: FACS 1DEBC000, 0040
ACPI: APIC 1DEF8000, 006C (r1 INTEL  DG965CO        86 MSFT  1000013)
0MB HIGHMEM available.
479MB LOWMEM available.
  mapped low ram: 0 - 1df00000
  low ram: 00000000 - 1df00000
  bootmap 00002000 - 00005be0
(9 early reservations) ==> bootmem [0000000000 - 001df00000]
  #0 [0000000000 - 0000001000]   BIOS data page ==> [0000000000 - 0000001000]
  #1 [0000001000 - 0000002000]    EX TRAMPOLINE ==> [0000001000 - 0000002000]
  #2 [0000006000 - 0000007000]       TRAMPOLINE ==> [0000006000 - 0000007000]
  #3 [0000100000 - 0000976b10]    TEXT DATA BSS ==> [0000100000 - 0000976b10]
  #4 [001cbaf000 - 001ce33fea]          RAMDISK ==> [001cbaf000 - 001ce33fea]
  #5 [0000977000 - 000097b000]    INIT_PG_TABLE ==> [0000977000 - 000097b000]
  #6 [000009fc00 - 0000100000]    BIOS reserved ==> [000009fc00 - 0000100000]
  #7 [0000007000 - 0000009000]          PGTABLE ==> [0000007000 - 0000009000]
  #8 [0000002000 - 0000006000]          BOOTMAP ==> [0000002000 - 0000006000]
found SMP MP-table at [c00fe200] 000fe200
Zone PFN ranges:
  DMA      0x00000000 -> 0x00001000
  Normal   0x00001000 -> 0x0001df00
  HighMem  0x0001df00 -> 0x0001df00
Movable zone start PFN for each node
early_node_map[6] active PFN ranges
    0: 0x00000000 -> 0x0000009f
    0: 0x00000100 -> 0x0001ce34
    0: 0x0001d235 -> 0x0001ddf2
    0: 0x0001ddf4 -> 0x0001de79
    0: 0x0001def7 -> 0x0001def8
    0: 0x0001deff -> 0x0001df00
On node 0 totalpages: 121367
free_area_init_node: node 0, pgdat c0881280, node_mem_map c1000000
  DMA zone: 3967 pages, LIFO batch:0
  Normal zone: 116442 pages, LIFO batch:31
ACPI: PM-Timer IO Port: 0x808
ACPI: Local APIC address 0xfee00000
ACPI: LAPIC (acpi_id[0x01] lapic_id[0x00] enabled)
ACPI: LAPIC (acpi_id[0x02] lapic_id[0x81] disabled)
ACPI: LAPIC (acpi_id[0x03] lapic_id[0x82] disabled)
ACPI: LAPIC (acpi_id[0x04] lapic_id[0x83] disabled)
ACPI: IOAPIC (id[0x04] address[0xfec00000] gsi_base[0])
IOAPIC[0]: apic_id 4, version 20, address 0xfec00000, GSI 0-23
ACPI: INT_SRC_OVR (bus 0 bus_irq 0 global_irq 2 dfl dfl)
ACPI: INT_SRC_OVR (bus 0 bus_irq 9 global_irq 9 low level)
ACPI: IRQ0 used by override.
ACPI: IRQ2 used by override.
ACPI: IRQ9 used by override.
Enabling APIC mode:  Flat.  Using 1 I/O APICs
Using ACPI (MADT) for SMP configuration information
SMP: Allowing 4 CPUs, 3 hotplug CPUs
mapped APIC to ffffb000 (fee00000)
mapped IOAPIC to ffffa000 (fec00000)
PM: Registered nosave memory: 000000000009f000 - 00000000000a0000
PM: Registered nosave memory: 00000000000a0000 - 00000000000e0000
PM: Registered nosave memory: 00000000000e0000 - 0000000000100000
PM: Registered nosave memory: 000000001ce34000 - 000000001d235000
PM: Registered nosave memory: 000000001ddf2000 - 000000001ddf4000
PM: Registered nosave memory: 000000001de79000 - 000000001def7000
PM: Registered nosave memory: 000000001def8000 - 000000001deff000
Allocating PCI resources starting at 20000000 (gap: 1df00000:e2080000)
PERCPU: Allocating 39324 bytes of per cpu data
NR_CPUS: 32, nr_cpu_ids: 4, nr_node_ids 1
Built 1 zonelists in Zone order, mobility grouping on.  Total pages: 120409
Kernel command line: auto BOOT_IMAGE=Slax rw root=100 ramdisk_size=6666 changes=slaxchanges
Enabling fast FPU save and restore... done.
Enabling unmasked SIMD FPU exception support... done.
Initializing CPU#0
PID hash table entries: 2048 (order: 11, 8192 bytes)
TSC: PIT calibration confirmed by PMTIMER.
TSC: using PMTIMER calibration value
Detected 1200.039 MHz processor.
Console: colour VGA+ 80x25
console [tty0] enabled
Dentry cache hash table entries: 65536 (order: 6, 262144 bytes)
Inode-cache hash table entries: 32768 (order: 5, 131072 bytes)
Memory: 469352k/490496k available (5828k kernel code, 15772k reserved, 1947k data, 388k init, 0k highmem)
virtual kernel memory layout:
    fixmap  : 0xffe18000 - 0xfffff000   (1948 kB)
    pkmap   : 0xff800000 - 0xffc00000   (4096 kB)
    vmalloc : 0xde800000 - 0xff7fe000   ( 527 MB)
    lowmem  : 0xc0000000 - 0xddf00000   ( 479 MB)
      .init : 0xc08a5000 - 0xc0906000   ( 388 kB)
      .data : 0xc06b1147 - 0xc0898118   (1947 kB)
      .text : 0xc0100000 - 0xc06b1147   (5828 kB)
Checking if this processor honours the WP bit even in supervisor mode...Ok.
CPA: page pool initialized 1 of 1 pages preallocated
SLUB: Genslabs=12, HWalign=64, Order=0-3, MinObjects=0, CPUs=4, Nodes=1
Calibrating delay loop (skipped), value calculated using timer frequency.. 2400.07 BogoMIPS (lpj=4800156)
Security Framework initialized
Mount-cache hash table entries: 512
CPU: L1 I cache: 32K, L1 D cache: 32K
CPU: L2 cache: 512K
Intel machine check architecture supported.
Intel machine check reporting enabled on CPU#0.
using mwait in idle threads.
Checking 'hlt' instruction... OK.
SMP alternatives: switching to UP code
ACPI: Core revision 20080609
ENABLING IO-APIC IRQs
..TIMER: vector=0x31 apic1=0 pin1=2 apic2=-1 pin2=-1
CPU0: Intel(R) Celeron(R) CPU          220  @ 1.20GHz stepping 01
Brought up 1 CPUs
Total of 1 processors activated (2400.07 BogoMIPS).
net_namespace: 768 bytes
xor: automatically using best checksumming function: pIII_sse
   pIII_sse  :  4350.000 MB/sec
xor: using function: pIII_sse (4350.000 MB/sec)
NET: Registered protocol family 16
No dock devices found.
ACPI: bus type pci registered
PCI: Using configuration type 1 for base access
ACPI: EC: Look up EC in DSDT
ACPI: Interpreter enabled
ACPI: (supports S0 S1 S4 S5)
ACPI: Using IOAPIC for interrupt routing
ACPI: PCI Root Bridge [PCI0] (0000:00)
PCI: 0000:00:00.0 reg 10 32bit mmio: [28000000, 29ffffff]
PCI: 0000:00:02.5 reg 20 io port: [2100, 210f]
pci 0000:00:02.5: PME# supported from D3cold
pci 0000:00:02.5: PME# disabled
PCI: 0000:00:03.0 reg 10 32bit mmio: [2a104000, 2a104fff]
PCI: 0000:00:03.1 reg 10 32bit mmio: [2a103000, 2a103fff]
PCI: 0000:00:03.2 reg 10 32bit mmio: [2a102000, 2a102fff]
PCI: 0000:00:03.3 reg 10 32bit mmio: [2a101000, 2a101fff]
pci 0000:00:03.3: PME# supported from D0 D3hot D3cold
pci 0000:00:03.3: PME# disabled
PCI: 0000:00:04.0 reg 10 io port: [2000, 20ff]
PCI: 0000:00:04.0 reg 14 32bit mmio: [2a100000, 2a100fff]
PCI: 0000:00:04.0 reg 30 32bit mmio: [fffe0000, ffffffff]
pci 0000:00:04.0: supports D1
pci 0000:00:04.0: supports D2
pci 0000:00:04.0: PME# supported from D0 D1 D2 D3hot D3cold
pci 0000:00:04.0: PME# disabled
pci 0000:00:1f.0: PME# supported from D0 D3hot D3cold
pci 0000:00:1f.0: PME# disabled
PCI: 0000:01:00.0 reg 10 32bit mmio: [20000000, 27ffffff]
PCI: 0000:01:00.0 reg 14 32bit mmio: [2a000000, 2a01ffff]
PCI: 0000:01:00.0 reg 18 io port: [1000, 107f]
pci 0000:01:00.0: supports D1
pci 0000:01:00.0: supports D2
PCI: bridge 0000:00:01.0 io port: [1000, 1fff]
PCI: bridge 0000:00:01.0 32bit mmio: [2a000000, 2a0fffff]
PCI: bridge 0000:00:01.0 32bit mmio pref: [20000000, 27ffffff]
PCI: bridge 0000:00:1f.0 32bit mmio: [1e000000, 1e0fffff]
bus 00 -> node 0
ACPI: PCI Interrupt Routing Table [\_SB_.PCI0._PRT]
ACPI: PCI Interrupt Routing Table [\_SB_.PCI0.P0P1._PRT]
ACPI: PCI Interrupt Link [LNKA] (IRQs 3 4 5 7 *10 11 12 14 15)
ACPI: PCI Interrupt Link [LNKB] (IRQs 3 4 5 7 10 11 12 14 15) *0, disabled.
ACPI: PCI Interrupt Link [LNKC] (IRQs 3 4 5 7 10 11 12 14 15) *0, disabled.
ACPI: PCI Interrupt Link [LNKD] (IRQs 3 4 5 7 *10 11 12 14 15)
ACPI: PCI Interrupt Link [LNKE] (IRQs 3 4 5 7 10 *11 12 14 15)
ACPI: PCI Interrupt Link [LNKF] (IRQs 3 4 5 7 10 *11 12 14 15)
ACPI: PCI Interrupt Link [LNKG] (IRQs 3 4 5 7 *10 11 12 14 15)
ACPI: PCI Interrupt Link [LNKH] (IRQs 3 4 5 7 10 *11 12 14 15)
Linux Plug and Play Support v0.97 (c) Adam Belay
pnp: PnP ACPI init
ACPI: bus type pnp registered
pnp: PnP ACPI: found 9 devices
ACPI: ACPI bus type pnp unregistered
SCSI subsystem initialized
libata version 3.00 loaded.
usbcore: registered new interface driver usbfs
usbcore: registered new interface driver hub
usbcore: registered new device driver usb
PCI: Using ACPI for IRQ routing
system 00:07: ioport range 0x800-0x8fe has been reserved
system 00:07: ioport range 0x8ff-0x8ff has been reserved
system 00:07: ioport range 0x4d0-0x4d1 has been reserved
system 00:07: ioport range 0x4d6-0x4d6 has been reserved
system 00:07: ioport range 0x295-0x29e has been reserved
system 00:07: ioport range 0x2e8-0x2ef has been reserved
system 00:07: ioport range 0x481-0x48f has been reserved
system 00:08: iomem range 0x0-0x9ffff could not be reserved
system 00:08: iomem range 0xec000-0xfffff could not be reserved
system 00:08: iomem range 0x100000-0x1dffffff could not be reserved
system 00:08: iomem range 0xe0000000-0xefffffff has been reserved
system 00:08: iomem range 0xfec00000-0xfec00fff has been reserved
system 00:08: iomem range 0xfee00000-0xfee00fff has been reserved
pci 0000:00:01.0: PCI bridge, secondary bus 0000:01
pci 0000:00:01.0:   IO window: 0x1000-0x1fff
pci 0000:00:01.0:   MEM window: 0x2a000000-0x2a0fffff
pci 0000:00:01.0:   PREFETCH window: 0x00000020000000-0x00000027ffffff
pci 0000:00:1f.0: PCI bridge, secondary bus 0000:02
pci 0000:00:1f.0:   IO window: disabled
pci 0000:00:1f.0:   MEM window: 0x1e000000-0x1e0fffff
pci 0000:00:1f.0:   PREFETCH window: disabled
pci 0000:00:01.0: setting latency timer to 64
pci 0000:00:1f.0: enabling device (0000 -> 0002)
pci 0000:00:1f.0: setting latency timer to 64
bus: 00 index 0 io port: [0, ffff]
bus: 00 index 1 mmio: [0, ffffffff]
bus: 01 index 0 io port: [1000, 1fff]
bus: 01 index 1 mmio: [2a000000, 2a0fffff]
bus: 01 index 2 mmio: [20000000, 27ffffff]
bus: 01 index 3 mmio: [0, 0]
bus: 02 index 0 mmio: [0, 0]
bus: 02 index 1 mmio: [1e000000, 1e0fffff]
bus: 02 index 2 mmio: [0, 0]
bus: 02 index 3 mmio: [0, 0]
NET: Registered protocol family 2
IP route cache hash table entries: 4096 (order: 2, 16384 bytes)
TCP established hash table entries: 16384 (order: 5, 131072 bytes)
TCP bind hash table entries: 16384 (order: 5, 131072 bytes)
TCP: Hash tables configured (established 16384 bind 16384)
TCP reno registered
NET: Registered protocol family 1
checking if image is initramfs...it isn't (no cpio magic); looks like an initrd
Freeing initrd memory: 2579k freed
apm: BIOS not found.
VFS: Disk quotas dquot_6.5.1
Dquot-cache hash table entries: 1024 (order 0, 4096 bytes)
NTFS driver 2.1.29 [Flags: R/O].
JFS: nTxBlock = 3689, nTxLock = 29517
SGI XFS with ACLs, security attributes, large block numbers, no debug enabled
SGI XFS Quota Management subsystem
GFS2 (built Jul 22 2009 07:23:43) installed
msgmni has been set to 922
async_tx: api initialized (sync-only)
io scheduler noop registered
io scheduler anticipatory registered
io scheduler deadline registered
io scheduler cfq registered (default)
pci 0000:01:00.0: Boot video device
pcieport-driver 0000:00:1f.0: setting latency timer to 64
pcieport-driver 0000:00:1f.0: found MSI capability
pci_express 0000:00:1f.0:pcie00: allocate port service
pci_hotplug: PCI Hot Plug PCI Core version: 0.5
input: Power Button (FF) as /class/input/input0
ACPI: Power Button (FF) [PWRF]
input: Power Button (CM) as /class/input/input1
ACPI: Power Button (CM) [PWRB]
processor ACPI0007:00: registered as cooling_device0
ACPI: Processor [CPU0] (supports 8 throttling states)
isapnp: Scanning for PnP cards...
isapnp: No Plug & Play device found
Serial: 8250/16550 driver4 ports, IRQ sharing enabled
floppy0: no floppy controllers found
brd: module loaded
loop: module loaded
Compaq SMART2 Driver (v 2.6.0)
HP CISS Driver (v 3.6.20)
Uniform Multi-Platform E-IDE driver
sis5513 0000:00:02.5: SiS 962/963 MuTIOL IDE UDMA133 controller
sis5513 0000:00:02.5: IDE controller (0x1039:0x5513 rev 0x01)
sis5513 0000:00:02.5: not 100% native mode: will probe irqs later
    ide0: BM-DMA at 0x2100-0x2107
    ide1: BM-DMA at 0x2108-0x210f
Probing IDE interface ide0...
hda: SONY CD-RW CRX230E, ATAPI CD/DVD-ROM drive
hda: host max PIO4 wanted PIO255(auto-tune) selected PIO4
hda: UDMA/33 mode selected
Probing IDE interface ide1...
ide0 at 0x1f0-0x1f7,0x3f6 on irq 14
ide1 at 0x170-0x177,0x376 on irq 15
hda: ATAPI 52X CD-ROM CD-R/RW drive, 2048kB Cache
Uniform CD-ROM driver Revision: 3.20
ide-floppy driver 1.00
Loading iSCSI transport class v2.0-870.
iscsi: registered transport (tcp)
Loading Adaptec I2O RAID: Version 2.4 Build 5go
Detecting Adaptec I2O RAID controllers...
Adaptec aacraid driver 1.1-5[2456]-ms
aic94xx: Adaptec aic94xx SAS/SATA driver version 1.0.3 loaded
scsi: <fdomain> Detection failed (no card)
sym53c416.c: Version 1.0.0-ac
qlogicfas: no cards were found, please specify I/O address and IRQ using iobase= and irq= options<6>QLogic Fibre Channel HBA Driver: 8.02.01-k7
iscsi: registered transport (qla4xxx)
QLogic iSCSI HBA Driver
Emulex LightPulse Fibre Channel SCSI driver 8.2.7
Copyright(c) 2004-2008 Emulex.  All rights reserved.
Failed initialization of WD-7000 SCSI card!
DC390: clustering now enabled by default. If you get problems load
	with "disable_clustering=1" and report to maintainers
megaraid cmm: 2.20.2.7 (Release Date: Sun Jul 16 00:01:03 EST 2006)
megaraid: 2.20.5.1 (Release Date: Thu Nov 16 15:32:35 EST 2006)
megasas: 00.00.04.01 Thu July 24 11:41:51 PST 2008
GDT-HA: Storage RAID Controller Driver. Version: 3.05
3ware Storage Controller device driver for Linux v1.26.02.002.
3ware 9000 Storage Controller device driver for Linux v2.26.02.011.
nsp32: loading...
ipr: IBM Power RAID SCSI Device Driver version: 2.4.1 (April 24, 2007)
RocketRAID 3xxx/4xxx Controller driver v1.3 (071203)
st: Version 20080504, fixed bufsize 32768, s/g segs 256
Driver 'st' needs updating - please use bus_type methods
Driver 'sd' needs updating - please use bus_type methods
Driver 'sr' needs updating - please use bus_type methods
I2O subsystem v1.325
i2o: max drivers = 8
I2O Configuration OSM v1.323
I2O Bus Adapter OSM v1.317
I2O Block Device OSM v1.325
I2O SCSI Peripheral OSM v1.316
I2O ProcFS OSM v1.316
Fusion MPT base driver 3.04.07
Copyright (c) 1999-2008 LSI Corporation
Fusion MPT SPI Host driver 3.04.07
Fusion MPT FC Host driver 3.04.07
Fusion MPT SAS Host driver 3.04.07
usbmon: debugfs is not available
ehci_hcd 0000:00:03.3: enabling device (0100 -> 0102)
ehci_hcd 0000:00:03.3: PCI INT D -> GSI 23 (level, low) -> IRQ 23
ehci_hcd 0000:00:03.3: EHCI Host Controller
ehci_hcd 0000:00:03.3: new USB bus registered, assigned bus number 1
ehci_hcd 0000:00:03.3: irq 23, io mem 0x2a101000
ehci_hcd 0000:00:03.3: USB 2.0 started, EHCI 1.00, driver 10 Dec 2004
usb usb1: configuration #1 chosen from 1 choice
hub 1-0:1.0: USB hub found
hub 1-0:1.0: 8 ports detected
116x: driver isp116x-hcd, 03 Nov 2005
ohci_hcd: 2006 August 04 USB 1.1 'Open' Host Controller (OHCI) Driver
ohci_hcd 0000:00:03.0: enabling device (0100 -> 0102)
ohci_hcd 0000:00:03.0: PCI INT A -> GSI 20 (level, low) -> IRQ 20
ohci_hcd 0000:00:03.0: OHCI Host Controller
ohci_hcd 0000:00:03.0: new USB bus registered, assigned bus number 2
ohci_hcd 0000:00:03.0: irq 20, io mem 0x2a104000
usb usb2: configuration #1 chosen from 1 choice
hub 2-0:1.0: USB hub found
hub 2-0:1.0: 3 ports detected
usb 1-6: new high speed USB device using ehci_hcd and address 2
ohci_hcd 0000:00:03.1: enabling device (0100 -> 0102)
ohci_hcd 0000:00:03.1: PCI INT B -> GSI 21 (level, low) -> IRQ 21
ohci_hcd 0000:00:03.1: OHCI Host Controller
ohci_hcd 0000:00:03.1: new USB bus registered, assigned bus number 3
ohci_hcd 0000:00:03.1: irq 21, io mem 0x2a103000
usb usb3: configuration #1 chosen from 1 choice
hub 3-0:1.0: USB hub found
hub 3-0:1.0: 3 ports detected
ohci_hcd 0000:00:03.2: enabling device (0100 -> 0102)
ohci_hcd 0000:00:03.2: PCI INT C -> GSI 22 (level, low) -> IRQ 22
ohci_hcd 0000:00:03.2: OHCI Host Controller
ohci_hcd 0000:00:03.2: new USB bus registered, assigned bus number 4
ohci_hcd 0000:00:03.2: irq 22, io mem 0x2a102000
usb 1-6: configuration #1 chosen from 1 choice
usb usb4: configuration #1 chosen from 1 choice
hub 4-0:1.0: USB hub found
hub 4-0:1.0: 2 ports detected
USB Universal Host Controller Interface driver v3.0
sl811: driver sl811-hcd, 19 May 2005
Initializing USB Mass Storage driver...
scsi2 : SCSI emulation for USB Mass Storage devices
usbcore: registered new interface driver usb-storage
USB Mass Storage support registered.
usb-storage: device found at 2
usb-storage: waiting for device to settle before scanning
PNP: PS/2 Controller [PNP0303:PS2K,PNP0f03:PS2M] at 0x60,0x64 irq 1,12
serio: i8042 KBD port at 0x60,0x64 irq 1
serio: i8042 AUX port at 0x60,0x64 irq 12
mice: PS/2 mouse device common for all mice
md: linear personality registered for level -1
md: raid0 personality registered for level 0
md: raid1 personality registered for level 1
md: raid10 personality registered for level 10
raid6: int32x1    468 MB/s
raid6: int32x2    476 MB/s
raid6: int32x4    434 MB/s
raid6: int32x8    349 MB/s
raid6: mmxx1     1585 MB/s
raid6: mmxx2     1799 MB/s
raid6: sse1x1    1070 MB/s
raid6: sse1x2    1389 MB/s
raid6: sse2x1    1986 MB/s
raid6: sse2x2    2245 MB/s
raid6: using algorithm sse2x2 (2245 MB/s)
md: raid6 personality registered for level 6
md: raid5 personality registered for level 5
md: raid4 personality registered for level 4
md: multipath personality registered for level -4
device-mapper: uevent: version 1.0.3
device-mapper: ioctl: 4.14.0-ioctl (2008-04-23) initialised: dm-devel@redhat.com
usbcore: registered new interface driver hiddev
usbcore: registered new interface driver usbhid
usbhid: v2.6:USB HID core driver
TCP cubic registered
Initializing XFRM netlink socket
NET: Registered protocol family 17
RPC: Registered udp transport module.
RPC: Registered tcp transport module.
Using IPI No-Shortcut mode
input: AT Translated Set 2 keyboard as /class/input/input2
md: Autodetecting RAID arrays.
md: Scanned 0 and added 0 devices.
md: autorun ...
md: ... autorun DONE.
RAMDISK: Compressed image found at block 0
EXT4-fs warning (device ram0): ext4_fill_super: extents feature not enabled on this filesystem, use tune2fs.

EXT4-fs: ram0: not marked OK to use with test code.
VFS: Mounted root (ext2 filesystem).
Freeing unused kernel memory: 388k freed
squashfs: version 3.4 (2008/08/26) Phillip Lougher
squashfs: LZMA suppport for slax.org by jro
aufs 20081208
fuse init (API version 7.9)
GFS2: Unrecognized block device or mount point /dev/hda
GFS2: gfs2 mount does not exist
GFS2: Unrecognized block device or mount point /dev/hda
GFS2: gfs2 mount does not exist
scsi 2:0:0:0: Direct-Access     Kingston DataTraveler 2.0 1.00 PQ: 0 ANSI: 2
sd 2:0:0:0: [sda] 1001472 512-byte hardware sectors (513 MB)
sd 2:0:0:0: [sda] Write Protect is off
sd 2:0:0:0: [sda] Mode Sense: 0b 00 00 08
sd 2:0:0:0: [sda] Assuming drive cache: write through
sd 2:0:0:0: [sda] 1001472 512-byte hardware sectors (513 MB)
sd 2:0:0:0: [sda] Write Protect is off
sd 2:0:0:0: [sda] Mode Sense: 0b 00 00 08
sd 2:0:0:0: [sda] Assuming drive cache: write through
 sda: sda1
sd 2:0:0:0: [sda] Attached SCSI removable disk
usb-storage: device scan complete
UDF-fs: No VRS found
GFS2: Unrecognized block device or mount point /dev/sda
GFS2: gfs2 mount does not exist
UDF-fs: No VRS found
GFS2: Unrecognized block device or mount point /dev/sda
GFS2: gfs2 mount does not exist
Linux agpgart interface v0.103
agpgart-sis 0000:00:00.0: SiS chipset [1039/0662]
agpgart-sis 0000:00:00.0: AGP aperture is 32M @ 0x28000000
shpchp: Standard Hot Plug PCI Controller Driver version: 0.4
sd 2:0:0:0: Attached scsi generic sg0 type 0
sis900.c: v1.08.10 Apr. 2 2006
sis900 0000:00:04.0: PCI INT A -> GSI 19 (level, low) -> IRQ 19
0000:00:04.0: SiS 900 on Foxconn 661 7MI transceiver found at address 1.
0000:00:04.0: Using transceiver found at address 1 as default
eth0: SiS 900 PCI Fast Ethernet at 0x2000, IRQ 19, 00:1c:c0:6e:07:c6
input: PC Speaker as /class/input/input3
ppdev: user-space parallel port driver
lp: driver loaded but no devices found
ip_tables: (C) 2000-2006 Netfilter Core Team
nf_conntrack version 0.5.0 (8192 buckets, 32768 max)
eth0: Media Link On 100mbps full-duplex
You may also look at it here -
Linux dmesg: http://pastebin.org/342040
OpenBSD bsd.rd dmesg output is available here: http://pastebin.org/341850
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Old 3rd January 2012
Logan Logan is offline
Real Name: Loganaden Velvindron
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Hi Lexus,

You might be interested in testing this diff. This could solve issues like CDROM lockup.
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Old 24th January 2012
daemonfowl daemonfowl is offline
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hi everynerd !

I have already installed openbsd 5.0 on an 8g flash .. the process was very easy , ffs (not msdos) and swap double size of ram (4g , in my case )
result : good speed ,, almost no difference from wd0 install ..
of course a flash is fragile and that is why some would advocate using non-journaling .. ext2 or msdos
I treat the installed OS as though it be live so most tasks read-only ..
well

hardware > acer aspire 5610 , 2g ram , 8g flash , ........

I also once installed netbsd 5.1 but prob with acpi amd smp so I would have to disable both ,, choice 4 ..

ps . some problems may be purely physical ,, bad cluster .. bad magic number here or there if not troublesome may become so later as you start writing on fragile poor little flash .. it happened once .. so I avoid too much writing/formatting ..
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Old 24th January 2012
ocicat ocicat is offline
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daemonfowl, recognize that most this thread is over a year & a half old. Most discussions on this site are very timely; most threads over a few weeks ago are most likely finished. If you have new information you would like to present, start a new thread & reference the old.
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Old 24th January 2012
daemonfowl daemonfowl is offline
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oh !! so many misappropriate acts so far , sorry sorry sorry ...
I am imbuing BSD CONDUCT right away ..
from you I learn ..

please accept my apologies ..
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