Jail How To:
Maybe common since is not working for me.
So I RTWM and I tried to do it by the book but it did not work. I keep screwing up maybe, so today, I did my 5th re-install. I should have follow this old link (March 6th, 2010) [i]that keeps coming up from the dead[i/] from start but I saw no build-this, merge-that before you go to the jail section, like in the handbook, but no where in the handbook indicated the short-cut to do jail. Seem that those links were the short-cut all along, but I read RTWM on other links.
This is only FreeBSD 9.0-current and this is for jail only. Do I need to complete every single step in the entire makeworld section? I guest not. Anyway, (January 31st, 2011) came the Noodle, deep-down in link with the rest of the story:
# cd /usr/src
# make buildworld ... << I stop here this time. goodies sitting in obj
# make buildkernel
# make installkernel
# shutdown -r now.
# etc ...
# etc ...
Just in case the Noodle instructions are incomplete as I always wonder about others I saw, I go straight to the jail section of the handbook. This part tells me to do this among many other things, again. So this time I only added to the mroot directory what the Noodle said in the 10th post, a year too late.
# mkdir /j /j/mroot # cd /usr/src # make installworld DESTDIR=/j/mroot SRCCONF=/root/src.conf.internetz
IT'S COMPILING !!! So this is how it's suppose to be done ... Right? If so, now even noobs like me know not to expect the handbook to show every possible thing.
You save my sanity and my world Mr. Noodle
Anyway, with the perfectly [i]i thin[i/] modified src.conf.internetz file (at bottom) I got my first error being bind9 related:
install -C -o root -g wheel -m 444 libz.a /j/mroot/usr/lib install -s -o root -g wheel -m 444 libz.so.6 /j/mroot/lib ln -fs /lib/libz.so.6 /j/mroot/usr/lib/libz.so install -C -o root -g wheel -m 444 /usr/src/lib/libz/zconf.h /usr/src/lib/libz/ zlib.h /j/mroot/usr/include ===> lib/bind (install) ===> lib/bind/bind9 (install) install -C -o root -g wheel -m 444 libbind9.a /j/mroot/usr/lib install -s -o root -g wheel -m 444 libbind9.so.50 /j/mroot/usr/lib install: libbind9.so.50: No such file or directory *** Error code 71 Stop in /usr/src/lib/bind/bind9. *** Error code 1 Stop in /usr/src/lib/bind. *** Error code 1 Stop in /usr/src/lib. *** Error code 1 Stop in /usr/src. *** Error code 1
One more thing I notice ... maybe this is the way it's suppose to work but it's very strange to me. The new world is in /usr/obj but make installworld is still pointing to /usr/src during run-time, from command-line.
I lost lots of time for nothing and is now very close to seeing how jail works. Would someone of experience show me how to get this thing going. In return, other than helping you someday, I'll be in position today to reserve a cell for you in this prison, rent free .. for life.
Who could ask for more.
PS: Can this be fixed or more added until the jail is so small it goes notice, space wise.
# Apache Jail Config-1 05/14/2011 # ------------------------------------------------------- # source: http://forums.freebsd.org/showthread.php?t=12022 # March 6th, 2010 by klabacita # # based on nbari*, vivek and SirDice threads. # I combined all. Hope to include more/remove wrong type # entries for each type server at smallest possible config: # apache-2.2.17_2.tbz # cherokee-1.2.2.tbz # mysql-server-5.5.11.tbz # racoon2-20100526a_1.tbz # jail for a apache-server only ... COMBO-1: WITHOUT_ACCT="YES" WITHOUT_ACPI="YES" # do not build acpiconf(8) and related programs WITHOUT_AMD="YES" WITHOUT_APM="YES" WITHOUT_ASSERT_DEBUG="YES" WITHOUT_AT="YES" WITHOUT_ATM="YES" # do not build ATM related programs and libraries WITHOUT_AUDIT="YES" WITHOUT_AUTHPF="YES" # do not build and install authpf (setuid/gid) WITHOUT_BIND_DNSSEC="YES" # Do not build dnssec-keygen, dnssec-signzone WITHOUT_BIND_ETC="YES" # Do not install files to /etc/namedb WITHOUT_BIND_LIBS_LWRES="YES" # Do not install the lwres library WITHOUT_BIND_MTREE="YES" # Do not run mtree to create chroot directories WITHOUT_BIND_NAMED="YES" # Do not build named, rndc, lwresd, etc. #WITHOUT_BIND_UTILS= # Do not build dig, host, nslookup, nsupdate - vivek WITH_BIND_LIBS= # Install the BIND libs and include files - vivek ##WITHOUT_BIND="YES" # Do not build any part of BIND (by SirDice) ##WITHOUT_BIND_DNSSEC="YES" # no dnssec-keygen, dnssec-signzone (by SirDice) #WITHOUT_BIND_ETC="YES" # Do not install files to /etc/namedb (by SirDice) ## #WITHOUT_BIND_LIBS_LWRES="YES" # no install the lwres library (blank by SirDice) ##WITHOUT_BIND_MTREE="YES" # Do not run mtree to create chroot directories (SD) ##WITHOUT_BIND_NAMED="YES" # Do not build named, rndc, lwresd, etc. (by SirDice) WITHOUT_BLUETOOTH="YES" # do not build Bluetooth related stuff WITHOUT_BOOT="YES" # do not build boot blocks and loader WITHOUT_BSD_CPIO="YES" WITHOUT_BSNMP="YES" WITHOUT_CALENDAR="YES" WITHOUT_CDDL="YES" #WITHOUT_CRYPT="YES" # do not build any crypto code (by SirDice only) WITHOUT_CTM="YES" WITHOUT_CVS="YES" # do not build CVS (original blank by vivek) WITHOUT_DICT="YES" WITHOUT_EXAMPLES="YES" WITHOUT_FLOPPY="YES" WITHOUT_FORTRAN="YES" # do not build g77 and related libraries - vivek WITHOUT_FORTH="YES" WITHOUT_FREEBSD_UPDATE="YES" WITHOUT_GAMES="YES" # do not build games (games/ subdir)WITHOUT_GDB="YES" WITHOUT_GDB="YES" # do not build GDB - vivek WITHOUT_GPIB="YES" # do not build GPIB support WITHOUT_GSSAPI="YES" WITHOUT_HTML="YES" WITHOUT_I4B="YES" # do not build isdn4bsd package - vivek WITHOUT_INET6="YES" WITHOUT_INFO="YES" # do not make or install info files - vivek WITHOUT_IPFILTER="YES" # do not build IP Filter package WITHOUT_IPFW="YES" WITHOUT_IPX="YES" WITHOUT_JAIL="YES" WITHOUT_KERBEROS="YES" # do not build and install Kerberos 5 (KTH Heimdal) WITHOUT_KVM="YES" WITHOUT_LEGACY_CONSOLE="YES" WITHOUT_LIB32="YES" WITHOUT_LPR="YES" # do not build lpr and related programs WITHOUT_MAIL="YES" WITHOUT_MAILWRAPPER="YES" WITHOUT_MAN="YES" # do not build manual pages WITHOUT_MODULES="YES" # do not build modules with the kernel - vivek WITHOUT_NCP="YES" WITHOUT_NDIS="YES" WITHOUT_NETCAT="YES" # do not build netcat WITHOUT_NIS="YES" # no NIS support and related programs. (blank by SirDice) WITHOUT_NLS="YES" WITHOUT_NLS_CATALOGS="YES" # no NLS catalog for csh(1) (original blank by vivek) WITHOUT_NS_CACHING="YES" WITHOUT_NTP="YES" WITHOUT_OBJC="YES" # do not build Objective C support - vivek WITHOUT_OPENSSH="YES" # do not build OpenSSH - vivek WITHOUT_PF="YES" # do not build PF firewall package WITHOUT_PMC="YES" WITHOUT_PPP="YES" WITHOUT_PROFILE="YES" # Avoid compiling profiled libraries WITHOUT_QUOTAS="YES" WITHOUT_RCMDS="YES" # do not build or install BSD r* commands (rsh, etc). WITHOUT_RCS="YES" WITHOUT_RESCUE="YES" WITHOUT_ROUTED="YES" WITHOUT_SENDMAIL="YES" # do not build sendmail and related programs WITHOUT_SETUID_LOGIN="YES" # - vivek WITHOUT_SHAREDOCS="YES" # do not build the 4.4BSD legacy docs WITHOUT_SYSCONS="YES" WITHOUT_SYSINSTALL="YES" WITHOUT_TELNET="YES" WITHOUT_USB="YES" # do not build usbd(8) and related programs WITHOUT_VINUM="YES" # do not build Vinum utilities (by SirDice only) PPP_WITHOUT_NAT="YES" # do not build with NAT (see make.conf(5)) - vivek PPP_WITHOUT_NETGRAPH="YES" # do not build with Netgraph support - vivek PPP_WITHOUT_RADIUS="YES" # do not build with RADIUS support - vivek PPP_WITHOUT_SUID="YES" # build with normal permissions - vivek WITHOUT_WIRELESS="YES" WITHOUT_WPA_SUPPLICANT_EAPOL="YES" WITHOUT_ZFS="YES" # more notes: # Put the following lines into the /etc/fstab file, so that the # read-only template for # the jails and the read-write space will # be available in the respective jails: #/home/j/mroot /home/j/ns nullfs ro 0 0 #/home/j/mroot /home/j/mail nullfs ro 0 0 #/home/j/mroot /home/j/www nullfs ro 0 0 #/home/js/ns /home/j/ns/s nullfs rw 0 0 #/home/js/mail /home/j/mail/s nullfs rw 0 0 #/home/js/www /home/j/www/s nullfs rw 0 0 ## Configure the jails in /etc/rc.conf: #jail_enable="YES" #jail_set_hostname_allow="NO" #jail_list="ns mail www" #jail_ns_hostname="ns.example.org" #jail_ns_ip="192.168.3.17" #jail_ns_rootdir="/usr/home/j/ns" #jail_ns_devfs_enable="YES" #jail_mail_hostname="mail.example.org" #jail_mail_ip="192.168.3.18" #jail_mail_rootdir="/usr/home/j/mail" #jail_mail_devfs_enable="YES" #jail_www_hostname="www.example.org" #jail_www_ip="22.214.171.124" #jail_www_rootdir="/usr/home/j/www" #jail_www_devfs_enable="YES"
This is not a How-To until I learn How-To. It could be a How-To not start at the wrong place to waste your life-time before getting to get to do what you were after in the first place. Now you forgot, or retired .
For jail, it's don't RTWM until it's done.
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