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Old 14th November 2017
kerasi kerasi is offline
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Default How to backup the home directory


how can i safe my home directory???

what command is to use for that?

thank you
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Old 14th November 2017
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jggimi jggimi is offline
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OpenBSD comes with four backup tools built-in. The dump(8) and restore(8) programs are probably the most useful for OpenBSD filesystem backups. The tar(1), cpio(1), and pax(1) utilities produce archives which can be used with other Unix-like operating systems.

There are many other third party backup and restore tools available to you from the Ports and Packages system. Choices range from the GNU version of tar() which has multi-volume capability, to utilities to manage media volumes, to central and distributed backup applications, to clients for cloud-based backup services.


This answer is very open-ended, because you have many choices, and many options.
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Old 15th November 2017
shep shep is offline
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I use the tar(1) option which is simple and cheap.
1) Organize your /home directory and create any addiditional files for system backup. Hidden files and directories also should be copied to a backup directory
2) Generate a list of unhidden files and directories
$ ls /home/user > backup_list.txt
3) Edit and split the list if necessary. My backup media is DVD+R and I presently backup 7GB. - my data needs 2 disks.
3) Create a gzip'd tar archive from the list
# tar cvzf /home/backup/19Aug2017_bu1.tar.gz -I /home/jsh/backup_list.txt.
4) Generate an iso file of the *.tar.gz backup and burn to DVD. Check burned DVD and if trusted, put DVD in a safe place.
$ mkisofs -R -J 19Aug2017_disk1.iso 19Aug2017_bu1.tar.gz

Last edited by shep; 15th November 2017 at 01:17 AM.
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Old 15th November 2017
albator albator is offline
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I use rsnapshot which is in the repository.

It is very easy to set up and, thanks to the use of hard links, keeping several backups don't take too much space.
As there is no compression, recovering files is only a matter of going to the backup location and pick the desired files.
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