DaemonForums  

Go Back   DaemonForums > Miscellaneous > Guides

Guides All Guides and HOWTO's.

Reply
 
Thread Tools Display Modes
  #1   (View Single Post)  
Old 26th July 2008
corey_james corey_james is offline
Uber Geek
 
Join Date: Apr 2008
Location: Brisbane, Australia
Posts: 238
Thanked 4 Times in 10 Posts
Default FreeBSD Install Without Sysinstall

I was bored and thought i'd do a freebsd installation without the "aid" of sysinstall. Here's some instructions if anyone else wishes to do it

Here's how to do it:

Required materials :
FreeBSD install ISO
A hard drive
A current install of FreeBSD ( or a live cd )

1. Boot you freebsd installation
2. mount the ISO image
Code:
# mkdir /mnt/iso
# mdconfig -a -t vnode -f /path/to/iso -u 0
# mount -r /dev/md0 /mnt/iso
3. Create a slice on your drive ( assume /dev/da0 is the new freebsd drive ).
Code:
# sudo fdisk -i /dev/da0
Ensure your slice is marked as active
4. Create the partitions with bsdlabel. It's easier to use your current partition table and just edit. Here is the bsdlabel file i made
Quote:
# size offset fstype [fsize bsize bps/cpg]
# / - offset of the root partition MUST be zero else the system wont boot
a: 1g 0 4.2BSD
# swap
b: 1g * swap
c: * * unused
#/usr
d: 20g * 4.2BSD
# /tmp
e: 2g * 4.2BSD
# /var
f: 2g * 4.2BSD
# ZFS /home ( does not need a partition type but make it anyway )
g: * * 4.2BSD
5. newfs all your partitions
Code:
# newfs /dev/da0s1a
....
6. mount all your partitions
Code:
# mkdir /mnt/install
# mount /dev/da0s1a /mnt/install
# cd /mnt/install
# mkdir usr var tmp
# mount /dev/da0s1d /usr
# mount /dev/da0s1e /tmp
# mount /dev/da0s1f /var
7. untar all the files onto the drive. The freebsd installation is simple, all it does is boots up a mini OS and runs a few shell scripts that do the untarring. All you'll have to do here is run them manually
Code:
# cd /mnt/iso 
# ls
7.0-RELEASE     HARDWARE.HTM    README.TXT      boot            docbook.css
ERRATA.HTM      HARDWARE.TXT    RELNOTES.HTM    boot.catalog    floppies
ERRATA.TXT      README.HTM      RELNOTES.TXT    cdrom.inf       packages
# cd  7.0-RELEASE
# ls
base            doc             kernels         ports
catpages        games           lib32           proflibs
dict            info            manpages        src
Now, you need to export your installation directory so that the install.sh scripts will know where to untar the files.
Code:
# export DESTDIR=/mnt/install
Now run the 'install.sh' scripts in each of the directories. You will need to specify arguments for 'kernels/install.sh' and 'src/install.sh'. These arguments are quite self explanatory and explained when you run the script.
If you are really lazy you can do the following:
Code:
# for i in `ls | grep -v kernel | grep -v src`; do cd $i; ./install.sh; cd ..; done
Then run kernels/install.sh and src/install.sh with appropriate args.
7. That's it !
__________________
"No, that's wrong, Cartman. But don't worry, there are no stupid answers, just stupid people." -- Mr. Garrison

Forum Netiquette
Reply With Quote
  #2   (View Single Post)  
Old 26th July 2008
TerryP's Avatar
TerryP TerryP is offline
Arp Constable
 
Join Date: May 2008
Location: USofA
Posts: 1,547
Thanked 112 Times in 104 Posts
Default

It's really come a long way since 4.4BSD eh?
__________________
My Journal

Thou shalt check the array bounds of all strings (indeed, all arrays), for surely where thou typest ``foo'' someone someday shall type ``supercalifragilisticexpialidocious''.
Reply With Quote
  #3   (View Single Post)  
Old 26th July 2008
ephemera's Avatar
ephemera ephemera is offline
Knuth's homeboy
 
Join Date: Apr 2008
Posts: 537
Thanked 49 Times in 43 Posts
Default

just goes to show how simple things can be in unix if you know the stuff.
Reply With Quote
  #4   (View Single Post)  
Old 26th July 2008
Carpetsmoker's Avatar
Carpetsmoker Carpetsmoker is offline
Real Name: Martin
Old man from scene 24
 
Join Date: Apr 2008
Location: Eindhoven, Netherlands
Posts: 2,088
Thanked 198 Times in 156 Posts
Default

You don't even need the CD, you can get the files from:
ftp://ftp.freebsd.org/pub/FreeBSD/re...6/7.0-RELEASE/

You'll need at least the kernels/ and base/ directories, the others are optional.

Or you can make your own stuff by running ``make release'' in /usr/src/release/, useful if you want to make a CD for STABLE or CURRENT.
__________________
UNIX was not designed to stop you from doing stupid things, because that would also stop you from doing clever things.
Reply With Quote
  #5   (View Single Post)  
Old 18th December 2009
Beastie Beastie is offline
Daemonology student
 
Join Date: Jan 2009
Location: /dev/earth0
Posts: 271
Thanked 23 Times in 23 Posts
Default

Putting FreeBSD's simplicity and minimalism in practice. Well done!

I have 3 comments if that's okay with you.

The generic kernel will be extracted somewhere like /mnt/install/boot/GENERIC/ (IIRC) so you have to # mv /mnt/install/boot/GENERIC/* /mnt/install/boot/kernel/ and remove the GENERIC directory.

Creating a valid /etc/fstab file or copying one from a similar setup may avoid an unpleasant system startup.

Optional: /cdrom.../cdromN directories are created by sysinstall(8) and should therefore be created manually if needed.
__________________
May the source be with you!
Reply With Quote
  #6   (View Single Post)  
Old 19th December 2009
Oliver_H's Avatar
Oliver_H Oliver_H is offline
Real Name: Oliver Herold
UNIX lover
 
Join Date: May 2008
Location: Germany
Posts: 429
Thanked 26 Times in 22 Posts
Default

There is even a very small live cd for such installations: mfsbsd

http://mfsbsd.vx.sk/
__________________
use UNIX or die :-)
Reply With Quote
  #7   (View Single Post)  
Old 19th December 2009
Beastie Beastie is offline
Daemonology student
 
Join Date: Jan 2009
Location: /dev/earth0
Posts: 271
Thanked 23 Times in 23 Posts
Default

A manual ZFS setup is a tedious process without proper support in sysinstall, so I can see how mfsBSD can be useful (zfsinstall script).
But for simple UFS setups I prefer a manual livefs way. It's more fun.
__________________
May the source be with you!
Reply With Quote
Reply

Thread Tools
Display Modes

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off

Forum Jump

Similar Threads
Thread Thread Starter Forum Replies Last Post
FreeBSD 7.1 Rel install on 1TB won't load bsdme2 FreeBSD General 0 5th January 2009 01:58 AM
Can gmirror be configured during sysinstall? PeterSteele FreeBSD Installation and Upgrading 3 13th November 2008 12:46 AM
New Guy trying to install FreeBSD chainofcommand02 FreeBSD Installation and Upgrading 2 28th October 2008 02:29 PM
minimal jail install with sysinstall daemon-dd FreeBSD General 3 16th September 2008 08:28 AM
Tried to create new partition using sysinstall but change is not permanent disappearedng FreeBSD General 7 6th July 2008 10:00 PM


All times are GMT. The time now is 03:56 PM.


Powered by vBulletin® Version 3.8.4
Copyright ©2000 - 2014, Jelsoft Enterprises Ltd.
Content copyright © 2007-2010, the authors
Daemon image copyright ©1988, Marshall Kirk McKusick